The Wonders of the Ancient are memorials that have been constructed during the first and 2nd century BC. These memorials are located in Greece, northern Africa and Asia Minor.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia sat in a temple in the ancient town of Olympia, on the west seashore of modern Greece around 460 BC. The temple was design to honour the Greek God Zeus, the male monarch of the ancient Grecian Gods and the Olympic Games. The statue of Zeus was chosen as one of the Seven Wonders for its size and stuffs used in its building. The temple was designed by the designer Libon and the statue was sculpted by an Athenian named Pheidias. Pheidias designed a method of making immense statues utilizing dearly-won stuffs by constructing wooden armature to organize the nucleus of the statue. Thin beds of gold formed the curtain for the interior model, and thin sheets of tusk made up the flesh parts of the statue. Pheidias and his assistants assembled the statue of Zeus in separate pieces within the temple due to the size of the statue. The caput of Zeus reached the balks of the temple ; the sitting statue of Zeus measured about 40 pess. Pausanias, a 2nd century AD travel author described the statue:
“ On his caput lies a graven garland of olive sprays. On his right manus he holds a figure of triumph made from tusk and goldaˆ¦In his left manus the God holds his sceptre inlaid with every male monarch of metal, and the bird perched on the sceptre is an bird of Jove. The sandals of the God are made of gold, as is his robe, and his garments are carved with animate beings and with lily flowers. The throne is decorated with gold and with cherished rocks, with coal black and tusk ” ( Pausanias 1-2 ) .
In 391 AD Emperor Theodosius I decided to shut all temples and stop heathen festivals since most of Rome was Christian even though some still worshiped the old Gods. As activities ended in Olympia, the statue of Zeus was dismantled and moved to Costantinople, now the capital of the Roman universe. It stood on the shores of Bosphorus until it was destroyed by fire in 462AD. The Temple of Zeus was destroyed in an temblor in 16th century AD.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was a temple that was constructed in award of the Greek goddess Artemis. It was as sanctuary located in the boggy part outside of the metropolis of Ephesus which is close present twenty-four hours Selcuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. British archaeologist John Turtle Wood discovered the sanctuary in 1870 ; he searched for about a decennary and began digging for four old ages. But it was a squad of Austrian archaeologist that resumed Wood ‘s work in which they uncovered three temples, covering on one another. The earliest was a little temple built in the 7th century BC. Above that was a larger temple which was destroyed by fire in the 4th century BC. The 3rd temple was the temple that is listed as one of the Seven Wonders, for being the largest temple built during ancient Greek epoch. The earlier temple was built by designers Chersiphron of Crete, his boy Metagenes and a adult male named Theodorus in 570 BC. When King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus ten old ages after the building began, the male monarch financially supported the completion of temple. When the temple was completed it was the largest construction in the Grecian universe mensurating 55 by one hundred 15 metres. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus opened confronting the West with a deep porch opening into the cella were the image of the goddess stood. The temple consisted of over one hundred marble columns, eight stood within the porch and 80 or more formed a dual row encircling the cella. Some of the columns were decorated with alleviations of priest in emanation while others columns where inscribed with Croesus and some bore the names of the designers Chersiphron, Metagenes and Theodorus. The 2nd temple stood for about two hundred old ages before it was destroyed by fire set by a adult male named Herostratus who had hoped to derive celebrity through this senseless act in 356 DC. The Ephesians people easy began to reconstruct the temple when the immature Alexander the Great visited the metropolis of Ephesus in 334 BC. Alexander dedicated the revenue enhancements he received from the Ephesians to assist reconstruct the temple. The new temple was made of marble and stood on a high platform with 13 stairss. Just like its predecessor the cella faced the West and was surrounded by columns, these columns were flowery carved sculptures one excavated portion of a column membranophone depicts the God Hermes taking a figure into the hereafter. Deity worship was prevailing
Alexander the Great founded Alexandria in 332 BC and decided to construct his new metropolis on the little small town of Rhacotis, located in the western Nile delta, near the lake Mareotis. It was built to steer seaman safe to port at Alexandria along the seashore of the Nile delta. After establishing the metropolis, Alexander left Egypt, ne’er to return. His replacement Ptolemy I, Sorter began the building of the Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria but was completed by his boy Ptolemy II. The Pharos was built in the 3rd century BC and designed by Sostratus of Knidos. The design was non the design of today ‘s modern cylinder shaped beacons. The Pharos stood over three 100 pess the lower degree, cylindrical subdivision stood about two 100 pess tall, the 2nd octangular subdivision was a 100 pess in tallness, and the smaller subdivision supported the statue of Zeus stood 50 pess tall. Constructed of big blocks of rock made up of three phases and the mirror ‘s contemplation used fire by dark and Sun visible radiation to reflect 35 stat mis away shore. The beacon was severely damaged by an temblor in 956 AD.
The Colossus of Rhodes was statue observance of the Greek God Helios. The Colossus was built as a triumph memorial by the people of Rhodes after they successfully resisted onslaughts after the division of the Alexander the Great ‘s Empire. After the decease of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, contending broke out amongst his generals, Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigous, who succeeded in spliting the land amongst themselves. Ptolemy ruled Egypt and was supported by the Rhodians which angered Antigous who sent his boy Demetrius to capture and penalize the metropolis of Rhodes. Demetrius was defeated by the Rhodian, who so took the war machies and melted the metal to construct a statue honouring their frequenter God Helios. The statue was made of Fe and bronze. Iron beams were used in the building of the tower and bronze home bases attached to the bars formed the exterior tegument of the statue. This tremendous statue was built on the island of Rhodes ( modern Greece ) stood for 50 four old ages before it was destroyed by and earth temblor in 225 or 226 BC.