Verbs and Tenses

Verb tenses: a verb indicates the clip of an action, events or status by altering its signifier. The verb tense may be categorized harmonizing to the clip free ; present tense, past tense and future tense.

  1. Present tense:
    1. Simple nowadays is used:
  • To depict an action, an event or status the is taken topographic point in the present, at the minute of speech production or composing
  • When the precise beginning or stoping of present action, event or status is unknown or is of import to the significance of the sentence
  • To speak about a cosmopolitan fact or a low of nature:
  • Honey is sweet.
  • The Sun rises in the E.
  • Rice does non turn in cold clime.
  • To speak about a regular, repeated action or somatotropin that is on a clip tabular array:
  • I play football twice a hebdomad.
  • The train to Mysore foliages at 10 o’clock.
  • To speak about a lasting state of affairs with no definite start and finish clip but throw now.
  • I like sweet.
  • He is a painter.
  • Use simple nowadays to speak about feeling.
  • He likes his occupation.
  • I think you are right.
    1. The present progressive/ uninterrupted: emphasizes the go oning nature of an act, event or status.
  • Peter is looking for exceptional gift for his friend.
  • Mary is driving to a busy street.
  • Childs are waiting the coach to get.
    1. The present perfect:
  • The present perfect is used to depict an action that began in the past and uninterrupted into present or has merely be completed at the minute of speech production. Present perfect is frequently used to propose the past action still has an consequence upon somatotropin go oning in the present.
  • You have non delivered the missive.
  • Robert is looking for his key, he can non happen it, he has lost his key.
  • Rita can non walk, her leg is in plaster. She has broken her leg.
  • Maria’s English was non good, cognize it is better. Her English has improved.
  • This forenoon I was anticipating for a missive, now I have it, I have received the missive.
  • Last hebdomad the coach menu was 5 Rs, now it is 6 Rs, the coach menu has increased.
  • Use present perfect to speak about a period until now.
  • Use present perfect to speak about the state of affairss that have gone on until now.
  • I have lived here for the past 10 old ages.
  • We have bought a new auto.
  • Already, merely and yet are normally use with the PP.
  • The coach has already left.
  • Has Sara rematch to your missive yet?
  • I have merely received a call from my female parent.
  • Use present perfect to give new information or to denote a recent occurrence.
  • Ow! I have cut my finger.
  • The route is closed, there has been an accident.
  • The constabulary have arrested two work forces.
  • Use PP when there is ever a connexion with now, the action in the yesteryear has a consequence now.
  • He told me his name but I’ve forgotten it.
  • I can’t happen my bag, have you seen it?
  • Would you like something to eat? No thanks I have merely had tiffin.
  • Use present perfect with today, this forenoon, this evening… when these period non complete at the clip of speech production.
  • I have drunk 4 cups of tea today.
  • I haven’t seen him this forenoon.
  • Have you had vacation this twelvemonth?
    1. The present perfect progressive/ uninterrupted:is used to depict an action, event or status that has begun in the past and uninterrupted into the present. It is used to emphasize the on-going nature of that action, status or event.
    • I have been singing.
    • The kid has been shouting for hours.
    • I have been composing the narrative for the past 10 old ages.
    • I have lived in Mysore for 2 old ages.
    • I have been populating here for old ages.
    • I have been working here since 2010.
    • I have been working here for two old ages.
    • It has been raining since 4 o’clock.
    • It has been raining for 4 hours.
  1. Past tenses

2-1 The simple yesteryear:is used to depict an action, event or status that accrued in the yesteryear before the minute of speech production or authorship. It describes an action taking topographic point in some point in the yesteryear.

  • I sang.
  • I saw a move yesterday.
  • I didn’t see a lucifer yesterday.
  • Last twelvemonth I traveled to London.
  • He washed his auto before driving out.
  • I didn’t wash my auto today.

2-2 the past progressive/ uninterrupted: is used to depict on-going actions in the yesteryear. These actions frequently take topographic point in specific clip frame.

  • I was singing.
  • I was watching Television when you called.
  • When the phone rang she was composing a missive.
  • While we were holding our pattern, it started to rain.
  • What were you making when the temblor happened?
  • While Jon was kiping last dark person stole his auto.
  • While I was composing the E- mail, the computing machine all of a sudden went off.
  • She was waiting for us when we got off the playing

2-3 the past perfect: is referred to action that took topographic point and was completed in the yesteryear. It is frequently used to stress that one action, event or status began.

  • Jon arrived at 7 PM and the show had started.
  • I had vocal.
  • When we got home last dark, we found that SB had robbed our level.
  • Anita didn’t want with us for shopping ; she had already finished her shopping.
  • I didn’t hold money because I had lost my billfold.
  • I understood the film because I had read the book.
  • When Susan arrived at the party Raj had already left.
  • He hadn’t believed what she had said.
  • After they had eaten tiffin they all went for a film.
  • Equally shortly as they had finished shopping, they went place.
  • I had got place before she could name me.
  • She had been waiting for 2 hours by the clip I got at that place.
  • When we arrived, the others had all left.

2-4 The past perfect progressive/ uninterrupted:is used to bespeak that a go oning action in the past began before another past action began or interrupted the first action.

  • I had been singing.
  • They had been speaking for our hr before it started to rain.
  • How long have you waiting at the school for more than a decennary before he left for Canada to settle down.
  • How long had you been analyzing English before you went to India?
  1. Future tenses:

3-1 simple hereafter:is used to mention to action that will take topographic point after the act of speech production or authorship.

  • They will run into us at the cafe in half an hr.
  • At the meeting we will discourse this in item.
  • Rita will name you tomorrow with all the relevant documents.

3-2 the hereafter progressive/ uninterrupted:is used to depict action that will take topographic point in future. It is referred to go oning an action that will happen in the hereafter.

  • I will be singing.
  • I will working till at least 7 in the eventide.
  • Don’t name me between 5-7 ; I will be analyzing for test.
  • I will be populating in Delhi by this clip following twelvemonth.
  • Our plane will be taking off in a few proceedingss.
  • At this clip following hebdomad, we will be vacationing in Delhi.
  • When I get up early in the forenoon the Sun will be reflecting on the window.

3-3 the hereafter perfect:is mentioning to an action that will be completed sometime in the hereafter before another action takes topographic point.

  • By following November I will hold achieved my marks.
  • By the clip he gets place she will hold leaned full house.
  • I will hold vocal.
  • She will hold learned adequate English before she moves to UK.
  • Rita is chance traveling to her completed the study by the clip she lives this afternoon.

3-4 Future perfects progressive/ uninterrupted:is used to bespeak a go oning action that will be completed at some specified clip in the hereafter. This tense is used seldom

  • They will hold been speaking for over an hr by the clip the nines strikes 12.
  • I will hold been singing
  • She is traveling had been working before 3 old ages when company eventually revises wages.
  • Daivid will hold been learning at the school for more than a decennary by the clip he leaves for USA.
  • How long will you have been analyzing by the clip you complete your maestro?
  • I will hold been analyzing Gallic for three old ages by the terminal of this term.