The Voices Of History And Tradition English Literature Essay

Euripides is one greatest antediluvian poet. In one of his best known plants, Medea, he stands out many historical symbols and traditions, some used for controversial subjects, but all with different intents. He besides is really realistic in the emotions he used in each character ; these emotions are, in fact, the major subjects of the drama. I would state that there are cultural and societal jobs present in the drama every bit good, which affect the voices of history, one of them could be the male chauvinist thought against the women’s rightist.

I would wish to get down by explicating the emotions of the characters and how they develop throughout the drama. It all starts with the passion of the princess Medea. Medea is the supporter of the drama and even in the narrative before it. In order to understand better the drama, you should hold old cognition about the narrative behind the drama because it is briefly explained at the beginning. In the narrative behind, she felt such passion for his darling Jason. They both ran off from their fatherland, get awaying with the Golden Fleece, pulverizing anything that went in their manner and acquiring to the point of killing her ain household to be able to get away with Jason. Jason is Medea ‘s hubby in the drama. The many sentiments vary that he could or could non be the adversary. The narrative develops through the negative feeling and emotions of Medea inspired by Jason, so it would be accurate to state that he is the adversary of the drama. After they run off and Medea killed her brother, they are exiled from their fatherland and settle in Corinth where they start a household.

The gap scene starts with the divorce of Medea and Jason. The nurse is speaking about the hard minute that her kept woman is traveling through ; from there, all the play grows and the emotions and feelings alteration, altering the ambiance and subject every bit good. From the opening scene can be sense a vengeful and hatred atmosphere when, for case, in line 15 the Nurse says “ It has all gone sour now, fondness turned to hatred ” . Euripides exposes the contention of female parent and kid relation since the scene starts with a nurse keening the recent events with Medea that covers her expatriate and the wantonness of his hubby. Because of these events Medea grows a feeling of hatred and resentment toward Jason, feelings which affect her relation with her kids. Medea is predisposed with everything that has to make with Jason ; ground why she starts holding negative feeling towards her kids as good. The contention presented here, is how Medea grows this feeling toward her kids because of her job with Jason. In history, what was common for adult females was that they took attention of their kids, love them and they could non turn or demo negative feelings towards work forces. This subject caused affair of inquiry about how she could affect her kids in her jobs and they ended up agony because of her. “ She hates her kids, takes no pleasance in seeing them ” .[ 1 ]

In the beginning of the drama, Medea is introduced as powerful when the nurse says

“ I ‘m afraid of her, in instance she has some new program in head.

She is a deep mind, you know, and she will non set up with

this sort of maltreatment. I know her and I ‘m panicky

that in silence come ining the house where the bed is laid

she might thrust a crisp blade through the bosom

or kill the princess and the 1 who married her

and so endure some greater calamity.

She is scaring. It wo n’t be easy for an enemy

to come out winning in a conflict with her. ”

( Line 36-45, Medea by Euripides )

These lines give you an thought of Medea ‘s personality and her filth. The nurse gives wide ideas about Medea but this was merely foreshadow of the flood tide. As the drama develops, the character of Medea is felt stronger and she plays the function of adult females really tough and another voice of history is present in the work.

This drama was written in 431 B.C. , and in those times adult females did non hold an of import function in society. Euripides presents Medea as a powerful and straightforward adult female who is really distinct when it comes to take action. The actions taken by Medea travel against the chauvinist male doctrine. In history, male has ever prevails over adult females, but in this narrative, her passionate retaliation becomes so powerful that seizes her head. She is so blinded by her feeling that throughout the drama we can see how all of her programs are aimed to destruct Jason and her love with Creon ‘s girl.

In ancient times, adult females could hold ne’er been able to make such thing ; any action that was taken from them was punished by jurisprudence and society and seen as incorrect. In this drama, the supporter is a adult female, who blinded by her sorrow took immediate action against her hubby ; she did non care about her kids, she did non care about her household any longer, she did non care about anything, all she wanted was to revenge her hubby ‘s unfaithfulness. Justice for adult female in those times is besides an of import subject. In those times a adult female would hold been condemned of decease punishment for killing her kids or trying against her hubby ; in the drama, the writer decides that the society would be feminist since no extremist actions are taken against her.

Another voice of history is present with the Supreme beings in the drama. Euripides uses Greek mythology to show for symbolic intents. Supreme beings are said to be symbols of forces that were non comprehended by worlds. Helios is one the Gods he uses and likely the most relevant in the narrative. Helios is the Sun God and Medea ‘s gramps. Helios is the 1 that gives Medea the Golden Diadem and Gossamer Gown which help Medea when she gave them to Creon ‘s girl. When the gown and crown explosion on fire it symbolizes the Sun God. Dues ex machine is when a character of the drama is saved by the Gods and in this drama Medea is Saved by his gramps Helios who sent her chariot so she could wing off to Athens. The god Helios helps his granddaughter even when she had committed several offenses.

Another God nowadays in the drama is Apollo, which is the God of many things including the Sun. This gives the drama a sense of struggle between the Gods every bit good. Euripides provinces through the sing of the chorus that Apollo might be in favour of work forces.

“ The laies of ages gone by

that harped on the falsity

Of adult females, will discontinue to be sungA

If merely Apollo,

Prince of the words, had put

in our Black Marias the innovations

Of music and vocals for the lyre

Would n’t I so have raised

up a feminine encomium

to reply the heroic poem of work forces? “

This passages helps back up the thought that Apollo in Medea is on the side of work forces and is accused of jingoism.

A goddess nowadays in the drama is Hecate, to whom Medea prays to hold female influence and addition strength in her. Medea describes her as “ The goddess who abides in the shrine of my interior hearth – the one I revere most of all the Gods ” intending that Hecate is the most of import goddess for her. Hecate along with Artemis, both represent nature and are symbols of female power.

In other words, the drama contains assorted voices of history and tradition and plentifulness of symbolism that can give you better apprehension of the narrative. The drama is a graphic illustration of a women’s rightist society which in history has ne’er been seen or at least ne’er exceling male jingoism, nor has been seen in those times such powerful and extremist adult female, disputing Gods and contending for her causes. It was no tradition to allow adult females make what they wanted or allow them show, it was instead and oppression against adult females.

In my sentiment, possibly Euripides wanted to foreground facets of his society that he did non hold with, and at the same clip creates contention and witting about those facets.