The Shang Dynasty King Tang King Zhou History Essay

Besides known as Great City Shang, its edifices are on both Bankss of the Huan river, to the North of the Yellow River. The Shang Dynasty had a population of 13.5 million people. During the Shang Dynasty regulation, China went through a batch of alterations in civilization and new inventions.

It was ruled by 30 male monarchs or emperors.

Most people of the dynasty lived in little agriculture small towns and some lived in great walled metropoliss which was made from dried Earth.

It is believed that 1,000 workers and 18 old ages would hold been taken to construct such a wall.

They were places to priests, warriors and swayers.

Outside the walls were places to craftsmen who worked together who live in nearby villagers.

MAP OF SHANG DYNASTY

Government

This dynasty was based on agribusiness ; millet, wheat, and barley, major beginnings of nutrient. Hunting was uncommon.

Silkworms, hogs, Canis familiariss, sheep, and cattles were raised. Bronze ships, arms, and tools were found.

To guard implosion therapy by the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the antediluvian Shang started utilizing irrigation and inundation control.

Silk fabrication was really of import where silkworms were raised and their nests used to do silk.

The male monarch ruled, followed by the military, priests, merchandisers and husbandmans. These differences were shown in the manner they were buried.

SHANG ‘S Peoples

The upper categories were buried in cavity graves with different objects like clayware jars, jade decorations, bronze arms and even chariots to be used in their hereafter.

Even an elephant was found in one of the grave.

The people who built these graves were sometimes buried alive with the dead royalty.

The lower categories were buried in cavities of different sizes based on position and besides sometimes merely thrown down the well!

The husbandmans were hapless, paid revenue enhancements and worked for the upper category.

They did non derive much in their day-to-day work.

The husbandmans worked difficult and the upper categories in the authorities would bask the money collected.

A normal avocation in the castles were runing merely for merriment!

BURIAL SITES

FU HAO

Fu Hao was a great adult female emperor from the royal household in the Shang dynasty. Fu Hao ‘s grave contained: 468 bronze objects including 130 arms, 23 bells, 27 knives, 4 mirrors, and 4 Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams or tiger caputs, 55 jade objects, 63 rock objects, 5 tusk objects,564 bone objects including about 500 bone hairpins and over 20 bone arrowheads,11 clayware objects and 6,900 pieces of cowrie shell.

Religion

The Shang Dynasty was in the center of China ‘s Bronze Age.

It was a dynasty that made great parts to Chinese civilisation.

They contributed astonishing sculptures ; art, started doing many things out of bronze, used bronze arms and chariots. They prayed to excessively many Gods and nature liquors.

They had one God for the Sun, Moon, stars, rivers and mountains and had a supreme God named Shang Di with a female parent goddess who brought workss and animate beings to Earth.

The Chinese people believed that their priests could pass on straight with Shang Di.

They worshiped their ascendants and would some times pray to them for advise.

Religion

Emperor would pray to his ascendants for advise on how to govern his land. Many people gave offerings to their ascendants clip to clip.

The male monarch would do offerings at particular spiritual ceremonials.

A manner for the people to pass on to their ascendants was to do prophet castanetss.

Farmers would do prophet castanetss to see what the conditions would be like.

Priests made oracle castanetss for the male monarch and were sometimes written on polo-neck shells.

The leaders of the Shang dynasty believed that when they died that they would travel off and fall in their ascendants in some kind of Chinese Eden or after life.

SHANG DI AND A PRAYING ALTAR

Writing

The antediluvian Chinese used pictographs and ideogram. Ideographs are marks that expressed ideas or thoughts. They would besides utilize penmanship that was all right script.

More than one hundred thousand tortoise shells and bone fragments were discovered incorporating 3500 different characters were on these shells. Some of them has been successfully interpreted. The Hagiographas normally contain short and great information of all the male monarchs. From these Hagiographas, information on the authorities and spiritual facets of the Shang dynasty was known.

Each of these characters is made of two parts, one tells its significance and the other tells its pronunciation. Writing were besides done on bamboo strips and bronze. Chinese authorship is written vertically that means up to down.

These castanetss are called prophet castanetss, which are castanetss with composing carved on them. They were besides used to state luck and maintain records of who paid to who.

Questions were written to Gods or ascendants and so heated until cracked. It was believed that by analyzing the form of the clefts, the replies to the inquiry would be found. Oracle castanetss are the oldest illustration of Chinese authorship.

WRITINGS ON ORACLE BONES, BRUSH AND INK AND ON BAMBOO STRIPS

BRONZE TECHNOLOGY

During the Shang Dynasty, Bronze was of import.

At that clip, bronze represented power, wealth, and luxury. Bronze were used for arms and ceremonials and rites. Bronze were used for burial, jubilation and idolizing Gods and ascendants.

Bronze was non used for common tools like cocks.

Archeologists have found thousand of bronze pieces, large and little. The Shang ‘s was skilled in art and creativeness created the piece-mold casting system.

First doing the cast out of clay, carving a design on it, pouring melted bronze on it, so checking the cast off.

Finally grips are added to it. The design and form of the bowl, cup or kettle depends on the intent it being made.

BONZE TECHNOLOGY

The bronze engineering gave the Shang military better arms and changed the manner to contend in wars.

They made new arms like bronze-tipped lance, the compound bow and bronze were used to do chariots pulled by Equus caballuss.

The chariots were easy in oversing military personnels and could travel far distances.

Jade were besides used in chiefly ritual ceremonials.

It is believed that jade was used to pass on with the liquors. Round shaped jade pieces were carved with the images of firedrakes, fish, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams, birds, and geometric forms.

To the Chinese people, it has the power to protect organic structure and spirit for both the life and the dead.

Most of the jade found was in the grave of Fu Hao, the lady emperor about 750 pieces.

It was besides used for jewellery and ornament.

BRONZE AND JADE

LIFE IN THE SHANG DYNASTY

Most Shang houses were made out of sand, clay and roof huts made of works points like foliages and subdivisions. The houses stood on wooden poles in rock filled holes. In the houses were cavities which could hold been used for storage or traveling belowground.

Cowrie shells were used as currency from the Indian Ocean.

MUSIC IN SHANG DYNASTY

When praying to the Gods and making traditional ceremonials, singing and dancing were besides at that place. When forfeits were offered to the Gods, vocals would be sung by tapping on ceramic jars and home bases. The people of Shang besides used to pass on with Gods by music and vocalizing to do the Gods hear them.

Other musical instruments include Xun, made out of adust clay, membranophones and Cu cymbals.

Peoples OF SHANG DYNASTY

THE End OF SHANG DYNASTY

The Shang Dynasty ended in about 1050 BCE.

The last emperor known as King Zhou who was known to be the worst male monarch who ruled in the history of China.

He caused his people to contend against him.

His ain household did non hold with his manner of leading.

He was eventually defeated in a bloody war by the folk of Zhou.

THE End OF SHANG DYNASTY

King Zhou was evil and heaven no longer wanted him to govern.

He was a rummy and did many bad things.

He fought so many wars which made them weaker.

He besides spent excessively much money on himself that it made the economic system weak.

He did non care about his citizens.

That is why it was easy to get the better of him.