The Battle Of Somme And The Western Front History Essay


During World War 1, on the Western Front, many Battles such as the Battle of the Somme, the life conditions sustained by soldiers, heroes who would put on the line their lives and sometimes free them for their state, and the leaders that devised the programs to destruct the ternary confederation drove the entente forces to triumph in the western forepart.

The Battle of Somme was fought between the 1st of July and 13th of November 1916 in northern France. The Battle lasted for more than five months. The purpose of the onslaught was to interrupt through the German lines and coerce the German ground forces to give up. This Battle was coordinated by General Sir Douglas Haig. In that conflict, there were 90,000 Australian Imperial Force ( AIF ) soldiers functioning in the Western Front.

General Haig used heavy weapon which would destruct the German barbed wire, trenches, machine guns and soldiers. The barrage by the heavy weapon enabled the British Troops to traverse No Man ‘s Land and busy the German trenches. Heavy casualties were non expected during this allied onslaught. The Germans were secured by concrete sand traps, 10 meters underground. The Germans realised that when the British would halt the Bombardment They would travel up and bear down to their place.

The Battle of Somme was won by a triumph of either side. The British and Gallic ground forces gained approximately 11km. By the terminal of 1st July 1916, 20,000 British soldiers were killed the other 40,000 soldiers were wounded or captured as captives. By the terminal of August, 23,000 AIF soldiers were wounded or killed at the Somme Battlefields.

Populating Conditionss

The contending soldiers saw muddy, dirty and foul trenches littered with the waste of the war. Inside the trenches there were cart wheels, barbed wires, organic structures of the dead soldiers, and human parts scattered everyplace. There were a great figure of rats everyplace. Some soldiers reported that there were rats every bit large as cats. Rats became fat from feeding on the flesh of the decomposed organic structures of the dead soldiers. These rats carried diseases such as flu epidemic. Soldiers were really cheesed off and frightened from these rats. They used their guns to hit them, and bayonets to acquit them.

Contending Soldiers stood in long periods of clip in boggy trenches, unable to take their socks or boots, and as a consequence suffered from Trench pes infection which made their pess numb and blue in coloring material. Soldiers enduring from trench pes infection had to dry their pess and alter their socks several times a twenty-four hours. Every few hebdomads, organisers would direct 10,000 braces of knitted socks overseas to the soldiers. Over 20,000 work forces were infected by trench pes.

Lice were a standard jeopardy. Men would illume lucifers or tapers across their arms of their shirts and seams of their kilts to acquire rid of them. Even this effort to incinerate them gave small alleviation as lice eggs would hatch every bit shortly as they were warm. The lice would seize with teeth their flesh and cause scrape. Lice besides carried diseases such as fever or trench febrility which would do a high febrility.



The chief arm that was used by British soldiers in the trenches was the bolt-action rifle. 15 unit of ammunitions could be fired in a minute and can kill a individual 1,400 metres off.


Tanks were foremost used in the Battle of the Somme. The Tanks were developed to get by with the conditions on the Western Front. The first armored combat vehicle was called Little Willie and needed 3 work forces to run it. This armored combat vehicle could non traverse trenches until the modern armored combat vehicles were developed.

Machine Gun

Machine guns needed 4-6 work forces to run them. They had to be placed on a plane surface. The Machine guns had the fire power of 100 guns.


Chlorine gas was foremost used by the German ground forces at the conflict of Ypres. Chlorine gas caused combustion in the pharynx and thorax strivings. Chlorine Gas had a major job which was the conditions. The conditions and wind way is really of import when utilizing this gas because if the air current is in the incorrect way it may stop up killing the military personnels utilizing it alternatively of the enemy.

The Leaderships

General Sir Douglas Haig: Haig commanded the British forces at the Battle of the Somme, losing 20,000 work forces on the first twenty-four hours. Haig returned with accomplishment in 1918, but remains one of the most controversial generals of the war.

Ferdinand Foch: Foch led the Gallic at the First Battle of the Marne, but was removed from the bid after the Battle of the Somme in 1916. Foch was present at the terminal of the war in November 1918.

Marshall Philippe P & A ; eacute ; tain: P & A ; eacute ; tain became a vanquisher in France after his success at the Battle of Verdun in the western forepart during World War I.


65 Australian soldiers received the Victoria Cross in World War 1. The Victoria Cross was given to those who had shown exceeding Bravery in warfare. The Victoria Cross is the most of import British military award. Sergeant Lewis McGee was a soldier who received the Victoria Cross. Sergeant McGee ‘s Platoon was enduring heavy machine gun fire near lazar in Belgium on the 4th of October 1917. McGee Rushed to the enemy with a six-gun hiting some of the challengers and capturing the remainder. Sergeant McGee died on the 12th October 1917.

Pictures of the western Front