Report On The General Instructions English Language Essay

1. Introduction

The processs and regulations set Forth in the undermentioned pages are for the counsel of undergraduate pupils fixing studies. These stuffs are non intended nevertheless, as a complete manual for the authorship of studies. The pupil should confer with those which are relevant to his/her field of survey. As to the particular demands, those listed herein should be followed.

2. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

Follow the departmental deadlines for subjecting the studies

3. Format

3.2 Spacing

As a character fount usage Times New Roman. The font size must be 12 in text including expressions, equations, table headers and figure captions. At least 8 point should be used in figures, tabular arraies and, inferiors. Footnotes, long biographical quotation marks and extended citations should be 10 points.

3.3 Left Adjusting

Spacing or the text stuff shall be 1.5 or when necessary whole number multiples thereof. For illustration when a paragraph ends, the following 1 starts after pressing RETURN twice

( 2xCR ) to acquire 1.5 spacing.

The followerss are exclusions:

aˆzh Footnotes – individual spacing

aˆzh Long biographical quotation marks – individual spacing

aˆzh Extensive citations – individual spacing and indented one ( 1 ) centimetre relation to the text stuff.

The left seting point of rubrics and headers shall be 3.5 millimeter from the left border of the paper. You can utilize the appropriate left seting bid in computing machine typesetting.

3.4 Margins

Margins of pages shall conform to the undermentioned specifications:

Left border – 3.5 centimeter from border of paper

For the balance of the study, Arabic Numberss are used. Each page must be numbered. Page Numberss are to be placed two centimetres from the top and right manus borders on the page and must be 12 point. Include all pages for i1lustrations, tabular arraies, appendices, bibliography, etc. Use of postfixs, such as 25a, 25b, etc. , will non be approved. The enumeration in the chief organic structure of the study should get down with Page 1 and run consecutively to the last page. No punctuation, such as elan or a period, should attach to the page figure. Paragraphs must be uniformly indented one centimetre. Series of paragraph points which are to be listed without headers under any of the regular headers may, for lucidity, be designated by particular slugs such as. , or

Right border – 2 centimeter from border of paper

Top border – 3.5 centimeter from border of paper

Bottom border – 2 centimeter from border of paper

The above borders shall be observed on charts, graphs, tabular arraies and drawings. Folded documents will non be accepted unless there is perfectly no other manner for the stuff to be presented.

3.5 Pagination

Each page in the study ( except the rubric page ) is expected to bear a figure. Merely one side of the paper may be used. The preliminary subdivision, including the rubric page ; copyright page, if any ; preface, foreword, or recognitions ; tabular array of ‘ contents, etc. , should be numbered, utilizing lower instance Roman Numerals, e.g. , I, two, three, etc. The rubric page counts as Page I, but the figure does non look. The sequence of the preliminary subdivision is as follows:

Title Page Page one figure does non look

Page of Approval Page two

Copyright Page three

Foreword, Preface or Acknowledgements Page four as necessary

Abstract Page V as necessary

Table of Contents Page six, seven as necessary

List of Figures Page eight, nine as necessary

List of Tables Page x, xi as necessary

List of Symbols/Abbreviations Page xii, xiii as necessary

enumerated by ( I ) , ( two ) , ( three ) , etc. A new paragraph must non get down at the underside of a page if there is non sufficient infinite for at least ( 2xCR ) . A paragraph must be separated from the preceding and wining paragraphs by ( 2xCR ) .

aˆzh They must predate the undermentioned text stuff or 2nd header by ( 3xCR ) .

3.6 Heading

3.6.1. Main Headings

Main headers numbered such as 1, 2, etc. must obey the undermentioned regulations:

aˆzh They must get down a new page harmonizing to Section 3.3. Omit period at the terminal of the header. Main headers must be typed in bold face and must be in capital letters and in 14 points.

aˆzh Main headers should reflect content of the text that follows. Main headers are non to be called as chapters. .

aˆzh The figure of the headers will be followed by a period and two infinites.

aˆzh Second headers must be ( 2xCR ) below predating text and ( 2xCR ) of wining text, but need non a new page.

3.6.2. Second Headings

Second headers numbered such or 2.1. , 2.2. , etc. must obey the undermentioned regulations:

aˆzh They must get down harmonizing to Section 3.3 be typed in 12 points, bold face and, capital and lower instance lower instance missive ; i.e. , the first missive of each words except concurrences, prepositions and articles must be a capital missive. Omit period at the terminal of header.

aˆzh The figure appellation of 2nd header will be followed with a period and two infinites.

aˆzh The figure appellation of the header will be followed by a period and two infinites. Omit period at the terminal of the header.

3.6.3. First Subheadings

First subheading numbered such as 2.1.1. , 2.1.2. , etc, must obey the undermentioned regulations:

aˆzh They must be typed on separate lines get downing at the left border line of the text but need non get down a new page.

aˆzh They must be typed in bold face and with capital and lower else letters except, concurrences, prepositions and articles.

aˆzh First subheadings must be separated from the preceding and wining text by ( 2xCR ) .

aˆzh Second subheadings must be separated from the predating text by ( 2xCR ) .

3.6.4. Second Subheadings

Second subheadings numbered such as 2.1.1.1. , 2.1.1.2. , etc. must obey the undermentioned regulations ; nevertheless, 2nd subheadings should be avoided if possible.

aˆzh They must be typed on the same line as the text it introduces, get downing at the left border line of the text.

aˆzh They must be typed in capital and lower instance letters except concurrences, prepositions and articles.

aˆzh They must be followed by a period at the terminal of the header and must be underlined.

aˆzh The figure appellation shall be followed by a period and two infinites.

aˆzh Footnotes shall be placed at the underside of the page on which they are indicated. They shall be indented from the left border of the text by one centimetre and placed under a broken line made of 20 characters ( 5 centimeter ) . Footnotes single-spaced and 10 points.

3.7. Footnotes

Footnotes should obey the undermentioned regulations ; nevertheless, footers should be used merely if perfectly necessary:

aˆzh Footnote mentions shall be indicated in the text by an Arabic figure placed superior to the text and instantly following the word, phrase or sentence which the footer concerns.

aˆzh Footnotes shall be consecutive for each page and for the full study.

aˆzh The figure in square brackets such as “ [ 8 ] ” , should bespeak the order or first

3.8. Bibliographic Material

As already noted in the debut, studies should follow the signifier used in scholarly publications of the pupil ‘s field of occupation. Rules of signifier vary from one field to another, and it is of import that the pupil learn the column uses of his/her ain field, It is by and large of import that he/she follow such uses systematically throughout his/her study.

visual aspect of the mention in the text. The listing of mentions in the bibliography shall be in the order in which they are used in the text and shall bear the same figure as was used in the mention in the text. ( See Page 16 ) .

aˆzh The looks shall be identified by an Arabic figure in parentheses like

3.9. Specially Designated Expressions

Specially designated looks normally mean equations, expression, etc. and they obey the undermentioned regulations:

aˆzh They will be centered on the page harmonizing to Section 3.3 and separated from the predating text and the wining text by ( 2xCR ) .

aˆzh Mathematical expression and looks must be typeset harmonizing to a consistent math-style throughout the whole study. The standard manner for mathematical looks in scientific publication makes usage of italic font for vectors and matrices. In Latin characters and non-italic font for mathematical marks ( + , – , parentheses, etc. ) . Bold characters are normally reserved for vectors and matrices. In any instance, the manner used for in-text expression should be the same as that of displayed expression.

“ ( 2.1 ) ” , “ ( 2.2 ) ” , “ ( 2.3 ) ” , etc. , which should be placed opposite the look and in line with the right border of the text: They should be numbered within each chapter in the order of their visual aspect.

In general, all of these are particular affairs, normally of a proficient kind, and the proper signifier must he understood and followed after a standard instructions from his/her supervisor. To guarantee satisfactory reproduction, drawings, graphs etc. , they should be prepared in contrasting colourss, sooner in black. Tables and figures should be enumerated within each chapter, i.e. , as 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, etc. The appellation or each tabular array or figure within the text should hold merely the first missive in capital ( i.e. such as “ Table 4.5 ” or “ Figure 3.8 ” ) throughout the study ( See Pages XXX ) : Tables, figures and their captions should be centered as shown in the illustrations on Page xxx. The captions should be as normal text, i.e. merely the first missive should be capitalized. The captions should be at a distance of ( 1xCR ) from the tabular array or figure. Besides note that all drifting points such as graphs, charts, exposure and illustrations should be considered and designated as a figure or tabular array, whichever is appropriate.

3.10. Tables and Figures

4. Agreement

The abstract should give the information that will enable a pupil to state whether he/she wants to read the complete work. Therefore, the abstract should cover the undermentioned points: Statement of the job, process or method, consequences, decisions. The abstract should incorporate no headers tabular stuff, chemical expressions, or footers. Abstractions should non incorporate mentions, but writer mentioning is allowed.

4.1. Title Page

When fixing the Title Page, the campaigner must name his/her anterior grade ( s ) demoing the major, the grade allowing establishments and day of the months in chronological order. This page does non bear a page figure. Examples of Title Page for a study are presented on Pages 10. Follow the illustrations carefully as to organize and spacing. At the underside of the illustration pages where twelvemonth is shown, compose the semester day of the month in which the demands for the grade were completed.

4.2. Approved Page

All transcripts of the study submitted must include original signatures of tile Examining Committee on the blessing page. It should be prepared in conformity with the sample in Page 11 and should follow the rubric page. The names of the members of the Examining Committee will be listed one below the other in alphabetical order except the Supervisor ‘s, whose will be at top of the list. Beside each name, infinite for the signature of each tester should be left. The day of the month at the underside of the page is the day of the month the study was approved by the Examining Committee.

4.3. Dedication

Occasionally, writers would wish to give their study to their household members, friends or some scientists in their country of research. The dedication page should follow right after the Approval Page.

4.4 Recognitions

The campaigner may want to include a page with a brief note of an recognition of aid received from peculiar people. All organisations turn outing fiscal support must besides be acknowledged, with project designations like grant figure etc.

4.5. Abstract

4.6. Table of Contents, List of Figures, Tables and Symbols / Abbreviations

aˆzh Spell out per cent: do non utilize % , and compose per cent as two words without a period within the text.

Reports are expected to hold a “ Table of Contests for the convenience of the reader. If figures and tabular arraies are scattered throughout the text a separate “ List of Figures ” and/or “ List of Tables ” must be included after the Table Contentss. These lists should include after the Table of Contentss. These lists should include page Numberss. Similarly, a “ List of Symbols ” ( or “ List of Symbols/ Abbreviations ” as appropriate ) should be included. Examples of such stuffs are shown on Pages 14-15. “ List of Symbols /Abbreviations ” can incorporate abbreviations listed alphabetically as a separate group following the symbols.

4.7. Text

The text of the study will follow at this point. The first chapter ( in most instances, Introduction ) will get down on the first page of the text, i.e. the first page enumerated in Arabic numbers. When composing your study, pay attending to some of the safeguards listed below:

aˆzh The whole text should be left and right Justified.

aˆzh Please observe the spelling of “ Foreword ” .

aˆzh Time periods, commas, semicolons and colons travel outside the citation Markss.

aˆzh The word “ information ” is plural and requires a plural verb.

aˆzh Integers from one to nine, inclusive, should be spelled out except when they represent a chapter or a subdivision ; for figure 10 and supra, usage numbers. Numbers should be spelled out when they begin a sentence.

A last subdivision may incorporate back uping informations for the text in the signifier of one or more appendices. Examples of appendix stuff include informations sheets, questionnaire samples, flow charts, illustrations, maps, package listings, charts, etc. If a subdivision, table, figure, equation etc. , is to be included in an appendix, the enumeration should follow the same regulations used within the study. In this instance, nevertheless, they should get down with the missive of the several appendix such as “ Table A.l ” , “ Equation ( B.4 ) ” etc. Each appendix should hold a descriptive rubric merely like chapter headers. The developed computing machine plan should be given in a separate floppy or Cadmium. The

4.8. Appendixs

format and contents of this floppy or Cadmium is explained in Appendix B of this brochure.

The undermentioned pages present illustrations of some study pages typeset in the format

5. Preparation OF THE FINAL COPIES

5.1. Typeseting

Computer typesetting plans such as TEX or LATEX arc extremely recommended.

Reports written in MS- WORD for Windows, Open Office are besides acceptable.

5.2. Paper Quality

The original transcript shall be typed on A4-size white paper. All reproduced transcripts should be of the same class of paper.

5.3. Printer

Merely optical maser pressman and Ink Jet pressman end product are acceptable. Printer scenes must follow with A4-size paper and must be so that the page is non resized in printing.

5.4. Reproduction

Mimeographed or ditto transcripts are non acceptable for the Institute or Library transcripts ; nevertheless, photocopy reproduction is acceptable for all parts or transcripts of the study. Care must be taken to see that the proper class of paper is used at all times and that copying contrast is dark.

5.5. Adhering

The study should be bound in difficult screen. Binding, must sooner be press binding or at-least tape adhering with fictile screen. In any instance, coiling binding is non allowed. The concluding edge size of the study should conform to A4 size. The name and family name of the campaigner, the grade and the twelvemonth should be printed in the above order on the spinal column of the screen. When the study is placed front cover up, the spinal column should read from left to compensate. The format of the forepart screen is depicted on Page xxx.

APPENDIX A: Sample PAGES

described earlier. They include the pages to be found in the preamble of study ( such as rubric and blessing pages, tabular array of ‘ contents, etc, ) , every bit good as illustrations of list of mentions and the abstract to be submitted individually to the Institute, Besides the format of the screen for the bond transcript is shown. The sample pages for mention list include illustrations of citing journal articles, books, articles in a book, studies, conference documents, studies and articles in the Internet. Follow the illustrations in the undermentioned pages carefully as the signifier, font type and size, and spacing is concerned.

MONTH, Year

TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

PULCHOWK CAMPUS

( PROJECT REPORT TITLE )

By:

( name ( s ) of pupils )

A Undertaking WAS SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING IN PARTIAL FULLFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE BACHELOR ‘S DEGREE IN ELECTRONICS & A ; COMMUNICATION / COMPUTER Technology

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING

LALITPUR, NEPAL

Format of blessing page

TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

PULCHOWK CAMPUS

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING

The undersigned certify that they have read, and recommended to the Institute of Engineering for credence, a undertaking study entitled “ Title of the Undertaking ” submitted by Name of Student ( s ) in partial fulfillment of the demands for the Bachelor ‘s grade in Electronics & A ; Communication / Computer Engineering.

_________________________________________________

Supervisor, name of Supervisor

Title

Name of the Department

__________________________________________________

Internal Examiner, name of Internal Examiner

Title

Name of the Organization, he belongs to

__________________________________________________

External Examiner, name of External

Title

Name of the Organization, he belongs to

Date OF APPROVAL: Day.Month.Year

Copyright

The writer has agreed that the Library, Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering may do this study freely available for review. Furthermore, the writer has agreed that permission for extended copying of this undertaking study for scholarly intent may be granted by the supervisors who supervised the undertaking work recorded herein or, in their absence, by the Head of the Department wherein the undertaking study was done. It is understood that the acknowledgment will be given to the writer of this study and to the Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering in any usage of the stuff of this undertaking study. Copying or publication or the other usage of this study for fiscal addition without blessing of to the Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering and writer ‘s written permission is prohibited.

Request for permission to copy or to do any other usage of the stuff in this study in whole or in portion should be addressed to:

Head

Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering

Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering

Lalitpur, Kathmandu

Nepal

Table OF CONTENTS

Page OF APPROVAL… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .II

Copyright… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … III ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..IV

Abstraction… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Volt

Table OF CONTENTS… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Six

List OF FIGURES… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .VII

List OF TABLES… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .VIII

List OF SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..IX

1 Introduction… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .1

1.1 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..1

1.2 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..2

1.3 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..3

2 LITERATURE REVIEW… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..4

2.1 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..5

2.1.1 Sub Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 7

2.1.2 Sub Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 8

2.1.3 Sub Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .10

2.2 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 13

2.2.1 Sub Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .14

3 OTHERS HEADINGS… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .16

3.1 Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 16

3.1.1 Sub Sub-heading… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .18

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4 Consequence… … aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..30

5 CONCLUSIONS AND FURTHER WORK… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .32

5.1 Decisions… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 32

5.2 Further Work… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .33