John Wilkes Booth was the individual who caused a national calamity at the decision of the Civil War. What he did set the state in a province of crisis. He hoped that his actions would be honored by the Southern Confederacy when he took a shooting at the bosom of America. John Wilkes Booth was a Southern phase histrion who assassinated the President of the United States of America, Abraham Lincoln.
John Wilkes Booth was born on May 10, in the twelvemonth 1838. His parents, Mary Ann Holmes and Junius Brutus Booth, came to America to get down a new life together. His male parent was a celebrated histrion who was known to be intoxicated much of the clip. As the ninth of 10 kids, Booth was an histrion, like some of his brothers. His sister said that “ he wanted to be loved of the Southern people above all things. He would work to do himself finally a Southern histrion ” ( Otfinoski 20-21 ) . He grew up in Maryland where bondage was normal. He liked the Southern manner of life. During the Civil War there was a opportunity that his manner of life would be changed because of the abolishment of bondage.
Abraham Lincoln was the President of the United States of America and a moderate, person who wanted to stop slavery measure by measure over a period of clip. Booth felt that the Southern right to have slaves should non be changed. So in December of 1864, Booth, along with a group of friends that included Samuel Arnold, John Surratt and Michael O’Laughlan, made programs to nobble Lincoln and utilize him as a surety. “ The thought of the plotters was that with such a surety in its power the Confederacy would be able to order footings to the North ” ( Jones 40 ) . The program was a failure because they could non finalise their programs in clip. The Civil War was coming to an terminal. In April of 1865, Booth and his friends, who are now known as the “ Lincoln Conspirators ” made a new program to kill Abraham Lincoln.
On April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was at Ford ‘s Theatre in Washington, D.C. watching the drama Our American Cousin. Booth often worked as an histrion in the theater and people were accustomed to seeing him at that place, so he entered unnoticed. Booth climbed up a flight of stepss to Lincoln ‘s private box. He snuck into the President ‘s unguarded box and blocked himself in. He went up behind Lincoln and shot him in the dorsum of the caput with a handgun. Booth jumped out of the balcony onto the phase 12 pess at a lower place. He shouted “ Sic simper Tyranni ” , which meant “ Therefore of all time to autocrats ” in Latin, which was the province slogan of Virginia. Booth broke his leg above the mortise joint when he jumped but no one knew. “ Outside the rear wall there was an back street, and in this wall there was a little door on the left side of the phase. It was non the phase entryway. It was through this that Booth escaped ” ( Ferguson 10 ) .
“ Lincoln Conspirator ” David Herold was waiting in the alley manner with a getaway Equus caballus for John Wilkes Booth. They rode off from the theatre on that tragic dark of April 14th. Late that dark they rode to Surrattsville, the place of plotter Mary Surratt and her boy John, to acquire supplies. They left shortly after, and on April 15th they arrived at Doctor Samuel Mudd ‘s house in North Eastern Charles County, 20 stat mis from Washington D.C. to repair his leg with a splint. They spent the dark at Dr. Mudd ‘s farm and fled the following twenty-four hours. Their following halt was the place of Samuel Cox, a Southern sympathiser. He made agreements to assist them get away across the Potomac River to acquire to Virginia.
Booth and Herold spent six yearss in Zekiah Swamp South of Washington D.C. , concealing from Union soldiers who kept go throughing close by. The soldiers had been looking for him in the incorrect topographic point because they did n’t cognize his leg was broken and they thought he had more of a lead on them. In the swamp “ He seemed really wishful to cognize what the universe idea of his title, and asked me to convey him some newspapers ” ( Jones 80 ) . He was non pleased with the remarks about his actions. “ Booth could n’t believe his eyes. He was called a huffy slayer in the South every bit good as in the North. Even Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee spoke out against Booth ‘s title ( Otfinoski 60 ) . He had hoped to be seen as a Southern hero for killing the president, but the newspapers were non on his side. On April 21st, a Monday dark, the two work forces tried to traverse the Potomac in a row boat hidden in the darkness from soldiers on the river, but got turned around and landed back on the shore in Maryland. At nightfall the following eventide, they tried once more to make Virginia.
They succeeded and got at that place in forenoon on April the 23rd but found that they were unwelcome by Southerners because of Booth ‘s actions. Booth and Herold were forced to pass the dark in a slave ‘s house because they needed shelter. The following twenty-four hours they went by waggon to the place of Conger Garrett. They spent the twenty-four hours there with the Garrett household, until a Confederate soldier passing by mentioned to them that soldiers were looking for a suspect.
Meanwhile, Federal soldiers were following Booth ‘s trail of the people who he had met along the manner, and a fisherman called William Roland recognized Booth ‘s exposure. His married woman Betty said he had been seen by a Confederate soldier named Willy Jett in the country of Bowling Green, Virginia. On the Garret farm, Booth and Herold were passing the dark in the Tobacco shed of Richard and Conger Garrett because they did non desire the runawaies kiping inside the house. At dark, while Booth was asleep, Garrett locked them into the baccy barn. Federal soldiers found the location of the farm in the dark and demanded that the two work forces come out of the barn and resignation. David Herold gave up and exited the barn. The soldiers set the barn on fire because Booth refused to come out and give up. A soldier named Sergeant Boston Corbitt shooting Booth inside the firing barn against orders. The slug entered Booth ‘s cervix and damaged his spinal column, paralysing him immediately. He was dragged out of the barn by the soldiers and laid on the grass. His last words were “ state my female parent I died for my state, and what I thought was best for it ” ( Jones 114 ) . Three hours after being changeable John Wilkes Booth died of asphyxiation and hemorrhage. He died on April 26, 1865 on Garrett ‘s Farm in Bowling Green, Virginia.
President Abraham Lincoln died at 7:22 ante meridiem on Saturday April 15, 1865, nine hours after being shot by John Wilkes Booth. Two yearss after Lincoln died his organic structure was carried into the White House ‘s East Room in a lead lined casket. “ When the White House doors opened Tuesday, the line of people was over a stat mi long ” ( Otfinoski 61 ) . Wednesday, April 19th was the funeral service. The casket was laid on a catafalque, a raised platform which was made merely for the juncture. “ A grave emanation accompanied Lincoln ‘s casket down Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol, where Lincoln ballad in province for farther public position. About 40,000 people marched in the emanation including generals, politicians, and ordinary citizens ” ( Otfinoski 62 ) . On Friday, April 21st the casket was loaded on a train that took him back to Springfield, Illinois. At every station the train stopped so each metropolis could pay their respects. Twelve metropoliss held funerals for Lincoln along the manner. On July 6th 1865 Mary Surratt, David Herold, and two other plotters were sentenced to hang because of their function in the blackwash. On July 7th, they were hanged to decease. Dr. Samuel Mudd and Michael O’Laughlen were sentenced to life imprisonment.
When President Abraham Lincoln was killed it put the state in crisis. It changed how the Reconstruction period after the war went because the replacing President Andrew Johnson was a Southerner and a racialist who “ wanted Whites to hold most of the power in the South and he was against giving freed slaves all the basic rights enjoyed by white peopleaˆ¦ Lincoln could hold balanced the demands of both white and black Southerners and possibly avoided much of the convulsion of Reconstruction ” ( Otfinoski 69 ) . The blackwash illustrated the despair of the Southern slave holder to maintain slaves and maintain their manner of life. John Wilkes Booth played a tragic but of import function in history. Booth had wanted to be remembered as a Southern hero for killing Lincoln but was regarded as a scoundrel by everyone.