In this written version of our presentation we give a concise overview of the content of our presentation. A printed version of our PowerPoint presentation is besides included. The cardinal inquiries of our presentation are:
What drew the US into World War I?
And how can this be explained on the footing of primary beginnings?
Overview of the content of our presentation
June 28, 1914 & A ; agrave ; Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, inheritor to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
Austria-Hungary declared war to Serbia
Both states were backed up by their Alliess
Two major confederations were formed:Cardinal Powers( Germany, Austria-Hungary and subsequently Turkey ) andthe Allies( Britain, France, Russia, Japan and Italy )
Political and military leaders on both sides believed triumph would be achieved fleetly
However, the war became atrench warwith foreparts that hardly moved
Two major European foreparts: Western forepart in Belgium and France, Eastern forepart in Prussia and Russia.
In the United States, the eruption of the War was closely watched, since many US citizens were of European descent. Although, those of German descent and surprisingly many Irish favored the Central Powers, most Americans felt affinity for Allied Powers.
At the clip the war in Europe broke out,Woodrow Wilsonwas the president of the United States.
Wilson wanted the US to stay impersonaland asked citizens to make the same. Wilson feared that if the American populace would non be consentaneous, the foreign United states policy would be endangered. He besides feared that the different sentiments of the American people about the War would ensue in “ pay war on each other ” .
In his reference to congress in 1914Wilson stated, “ Such divisions amongst us would be fatal to our peace of head and might earnestly stand in the manner of the proper public presentation of our responsibility as the one great state at peace, the one people keeping itself ready to play a portion of impartial mediation and talk the advocates of peace and adjustment, non as a partizan, but as a friend. ”
Wilson besides refused to convey the US ground forces into province of consciousness because of the menace of a possible war.He argued that constructing up the ground forces would really arouse war. The Republicans strongly differwith Wilson ‘s statement, particularly Theodore Roosevelt.
Although the United States adopted a policy of neutrality, it was really hard to stay impartial.
The Allies were major trading spousesof the United States and during the warthe orders for American goods – including weaponries – increased quickly. Much of this trade was financed by loans from American Bankss, which meant that the United States acquired fiscal involvements in the result of the War.
Meanwhile,American exports to the Central Powers plummeted, because of the British sea encirclement to Germany. President Wilson protested Britain ‘s actions, thereby reasoning that the impersonal US should be allowed to merchandise with both Powers, but his ailments did n’t take the encirclement.
Primary Source 1
- In response to these asymmetrical trading forms, Germany declared in 1915 that all Waterss environing Britain had become a war zonein which it would try to drop, without warning, any Allied ships. In the consciousness that the Allies depended on American supplies and the fact that the Allies often flew the flags of impersonal states, Germany besides warned that impersonal vass, excessively, were at hazard.
This sketch refers to the pattern taken up by the British of winging a impersonal flag ( particularly American ) when in the declared war zone. The creative person chose to picture one of the most good known British merchandiser ships, the Lusitania, to stand for the full merchandiser naval forces. Ironically, the Lusitania would stop up being torpedoed two months subsequently. After the war it was divulged that the Lusitania was transporting an extended cargo of weaponries in the clasp.
- John Bull uses the American flag for protection “ Cawnt you see I ‘m a blooming Northerner ” , March 1915
Primary Source 2
The sinking of the Lusitania May 7th, 1915
What does this beginning state us? : Large intelligence,
- Why is John Bull ‘s claim supposed to be flimsy?
- In add-on to winging a German flag, how else is the German individuality of the pigboat crewman made apparent?
- Is this sketch sympathetic to the Germans?
128 Americans died
The Germans sent a note to the American authorities that they had been cognizant of the fact that the Lusitania was transporting arms and ammo. They thereby claimed that the devastation of the ship was justified, mentioning to their note to the impersonal states with the formal proclamation of the pigboat war
- Although the Germans had published warnings in American newspapers that the Lusitania was a possible mark because it was believed to transport ammo every bit good as riders, the onslaught outraged the American populace
During the elections of 1916, Wilson was reelected as President. The motto of his campain was “ He kept us out of the war ” , indicating at the fact that he had been avoiding armed struggles between Germany and the US. Although, he ne’er promised to maintain out of war regardless of aggravation. On September 2, 1916, Wilson warned Germany that the US would non digest any pigboat warfare that took American lives.
- In add-on to the American populace, Wilson reacted carefully to the incident. He demanded an apology and reparations from the German authorities, every bit good as committedness to halt assailing rider vass. Although the American populace was profoundly divided about the war, Wilson insisted on seeking to continue the rule of impersonal rights, declaring, “ there is such a thing as a adult male being excessively proud to contend ” . In an attempt to avoid American entry into the war, Germany ordered its pigboats non to assail rider ships. One once more, Wilson succeeded in maintaining the US out of the War
“ The state that violates these indispensable rights must anticipate to be checked and called to account by direct challenge and opposition. It at one time makes the wrangle in portion our ain. ”
Wilson besides tried to stop the War in Europe by seeking to intercede peace. Despite his attempts, Wilson did non successfully pull off to intercede peace on 18 December 1916.. Wilson asked both Powers to province what their demands were for “ future security ” . The Cardinal Powers replied that triumph was certain, and the Allies required the taking apart of their enemies ‘ imperiums. There was no desire for peace and Wilson ‘s effort failed..
Wilson ‘s hopes for peace declined in early 1917, when the Germans announced that they would assail all ships, impersonal or non, heading for Allied ports. In February and March 1917, German pigboats sank more than a million dozenss of Allied transporting goods. This galvanized the American public sentiment against Germany ; the American sentiment to travel to war became stronger.
This wire sent to Mexico from the German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmerman, proposed an confederation between Germany and Mexico if the US would fall in the War. In return for the confederation, Mexico would be rewarded with the lands it had lost in 1848 to the United States – current twenty-four hours Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
Wilson so stated that the war had become a existent menace to humanity. Unless the U.S. would take part in the war, the being of Western civilisation was threatened. Wilson wanted to contend “ the war to stop all wars ” to organize a long permanent peace.
- The straw that broke the Camel ‘s dorsum was the British interception of the alleged “ Zimmerman-telegram ” . & A ; agrave ; Primary Source 3
Use of Beginnings
The primary beginnings used in our presentation were found via these methods of searching:
Primary Source 1: Political Cartoon
Direct nexus: hypertext transfer protocol: //rutlandhs.k12.vt.us/jpeterso/uboatcar.htm
Primairy Source 2: Newspaper
- Browse by decennary: 1910s
- World War I
Direct nexus: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.picturehistory.com/images/products/1/7/4/prod_17430.jpg
Primary Source 3: The Zimmermann Telegraph
Library of Congress:
- Digital Collections
- Exhibition: Our Documents
- 100 milepost paperss
- The Zimmermann Telegraph
Direct nexus: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php? flash=false & A ; doc=60