This assignment includes four inquiries. The inquiries all ask you to discourse stuff from the first readings and talks. Please answer each of them.
Answers are to be a lower limit of 250 words each. Answers that fail to make the lower limit will have tax write-offs based on merely how short they are.
Submit your replies in a Microsoft Word, RTF, or PDF papers. Upload them straight through the assignment nexus.
The due day of the month for the assignment is provided at the assignment nexus, every bit good as on the class agenda.
Note: All assignments will be checked with anti-plagiarism package. Plagiarism on any reply for one inquiry set will ensue in a mark of 0 for that set, and a warning. Plagiarism on any farther assignments ( whether inquiry sets or the concluding essay ) is evidences for failure of the class.
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Name: Howard Rohrabaugh
1. How did the humanistic disciplines serve political intents in antediluvian Mesopotamia? Explain, utilizing at least one illustration of Mesopotamian art in your treatment.
One intent of the humanistic disciplines in ancient Mesopotamia that was used in five different Mesopotamian imperiums of Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Persian was to portray kingship. These images were produced for the intent of the extension of an image of positive royal testimonials. Examples of positive royal testimonials include power, virility, justness and piousness. One illustration of such art work is an image of an nameless, cap-wearing figure to which archeologists refer to as a “ priest-king ” . The male monarch is displayed in conflict with a king of beasts. This image portrays the male monarch ‘s strength, and virility. Another figure of this same male monarch shows him on a flatboat and portrays his success in conveying civilisation to an undeveloped frontier ( feeling of a cylinder seal ) . The male monarch is besides portrayed as a shepherd, hence meaning his piousness. Some of the male monarchs were portrayed every bit god-like as in the images that were created in the Akkadian imperium. One illustration of this would be the statues of Gudea. The arrangement of the rock statues of him in temples seated him with his dorsum towards the wall, which is a place of godly existences, makes the suggestion that he was an object of worship. In the Babylonian imperium, the connexion between male monarchs and Gods was continued. Their best- known male monarch is Hammurabi. One good known sculpture is of him standing before the sitting God of justness, Shamash. Hammurabi is have oning a typical king-like chapeau and is keeping his arm in a place of fear and he receives from Shamash a rod and ring ( which were the traditional symbols of kingship in ancient Mesopotamia ) . In this sculpture Hammurabi is equal in size to Shamash which clearly states that he is equal to the God in position. Besides the fact that he is looking the God straight oculus to oculus, suggests both bravery and power.
2. How did the humanistic disciplines express spiritual thoughts in antediluvian Egypt? Explain, utilizing at least one illustration of Egyptian art in your treatment.
Egyptian art was intended for spiritual and funerary intents. This type of art played a important portion in the cult of the Gods and the dead. They expressed these positions through many different signifiers of art such as pictures, sculptures, and architecture. They built temples to honour their Gods and a great trade of art work went into these temples. A great trade pictures and sculptures were created on and around the temples that they had built. This graphics was a signifier of worship and in some instances gifts to their Gods reside after their decease and it was believed they needed a organic structure for their return. So, they were embalmed, wrapped ( mummified ) and set away in a casket that was specially designed with fancy graphics, that did non picture the individual as they was but depicted the individual as flawlessness. Besides around some of these pyramids was topographic point a construction that was designed to stand ticker over and protect the pyramids and their contents. One good illustration of this is the Sphinx at the Great Pyramid of Khufu. The sphinx has the organic structure of a king of beasts and the caput of a human ( unlike Greek myth which depicts the sphinx with the organic structure of a king of beasts, wings of a bird and the caput and chests of a adult female ) . The sphinx was carved out of limestone bedrock. Besides there is a immense composite that is around the sphinx, which includes a temple, little edifices and there are four smaller sphinxes ‘s around the temple. Most art in Ancient Egypt was centered on faith because of their beliefs.
3. How were cultural differences between Mesopotamia and Egypt connected to geographic differences between them? Explain.
Egypt and Mesopotamia ‘s geographics was highly different, every bit good as the clime in each country. These differences in geographics and clime besides affected the civilizations of the people in the two different parts. Egypt ‘s clime was dry and systematically cheery with really small likeliness of such natural catastrophes as the temblors, inundations, and fierce storms that more often plagued the people of Mesopotamia. Besides the resources of each part played an of import function in each civilization. Egypt had a great trade more resources than there were in Mesopotamia. The handiness of rock was more abundant in Egypt than it was in Mesopotamia. This reflects on the differences in architecture in each of the parts. In Mesopotamia, they had to import any of the rock they would hold needed and Egypt had this resource more widely available. Mesopotamians were more limited on the resources that they could utilize for their architecture. Besides the geographics of the countries determined what harvests they could turn. Egypt has the Nile River, which created really fertile land along its Bankss from the rivers sedimentations. Mesopotamia had less luck with their harvests due to the implosion therapy because of their location between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers and the manner the land is laid out in this part. The land besides made Mesopotamia more vulnerable to enemy onslaught than Egypt. Each of these civilisations had to populate their lives otherwise because of their resources, clime and besides their civilization played a heavy function on who the regulation of the part at that clip.
4. How is modern-day American positions of decease and the hereafter similar to and/or different from the positions of ancient Mesopotamians and/or Egyptians? Explain.
Ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians had different positions of decease and hereafter. Egyptians were concerned about decease because the loved life and was in high hopes that this similar life would go on after decease. Mesopotamians, on the other manus topographic point accent on life for the present and had really subdued hopes for anything beyond the grave. To the Mesopotamians, an hereafter seemed intimidating. Equally far as decease and hereafter in American civilization today, there are many different positions on this topic. There are still people today that believe in the hereafter as the Ancient Egyptians did ( ageless life ) . Besides there are some that belief as the Mesopotamians every bit far as holding subdued hopes of anything after decease. In each civilization, there is one distinguishable similarity and this is the fact that it correlates straight with faith. Each civilization believes in good and evil and besides to slightly degree where a individual will travel after they die. Another similarity is the belief in what type of life a individual lives harmonizing to their life style. For illustration, if a individual is honest, works difficult, and lives right ( a good faithful spiritual individual ) , and so they will hold a better opportunity of traveling to a good life of infinity in the hereafter. There are other positions such as reincarnation where the individual comes back as either person else or possibly as a different species after decease. Even though the clip periods are a great trade apart and our society seems to be more modern, we still possess some of the beliefs that some of the ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians did 1000s of old ages before us.