History Of Fidel Castros Leadership Styles

This paper will discourse a brief history of Fidel Castro, his leading manners, features, and the determiners that occurred during his rise to prominence. It provides his beginnings of power, and farther analyze his effectivity or non effectivity as a leader. Research on Fidel Castro and his leading was conducted through online beginnings which include three academic.


What relationship could be found between the Fidel Castro, the followings, and the state of affairs? What were his sensed positive and negative qualities? What outstanding traits could be detected within Fidel Castro?

About Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro ( Ruz ) Castro was born in Biran Cuba on August 13th 1926 to Angel Castro and Lina Ruz in the Eastern Province of Cuba. Fidel was the 3rd kid of his siblings by male parent, Angel Castro. Although he was born out of marriage, he was privileged to upper-middle category life environments. He was educated in a private embarkation school, attended college and subsequently went on to Harvard Law School. At Harvard, he became engrossed in the political clime in Cuba particularly as it relates to the patriotism, anti-imperialism and socialism. ( Castro ‘s Biography, 2010 )

Castro was married to Mirta Diaz Balart. They had one boy whose name was Fidelito which meant “ small Fidel ” . Her household was affluent and Fidel Castro capitalized on this chance and as a consequence was exposed to a much wealthier lifestyle and at the same clip, was able to web with cardinal political associations. The matrimony ended after six old ages because of a deficiency of fiscal support for his household. Mirta was his 2nd married woman. ( Castro ‘s Biography, 2010 )

Castro ‘s enthusiasm for reform and societal justness led him to the Dominican Republic in an effort to assist subvert Mr. Rafael Trujillo. Although this effort was non successful, this did non discourage him from the battle for societal justness. He was portion of an anti Communist party that was formed with the purpose of exposing authorities corruptness, developing schemes to derive economic independency and implement societal reform in Cuba.

Although his efforts to subvert the leader at the clip, General Fulgencio Bartista failed, he ne’er gave up. He was sentenced to gaol for those attempted putschs but continued the battle to go Cuba ‘s leader, in an attempt to do the alterations he was trusting to carry through. This long battle was eventually realized on January 1st, 1959 when he assumed the leading of the authorities. He appointed his brother, Raul Castro the responsibilities of commanding officer of the armed forces on February 15th 1959.

Leader type and history

“ Charismatic leaders are exceptionally self-assured, are strongly motivated to achieve and asseverate influence, and have strong strong belief in the moral rightness of their beliefs ” ( House & A ; Aditya, p. 416 ) . Fidel Castro is a magnetic and transformational leader. Nahavandi states that transformational leading includes three factors, of the three we identified these to specify Castro ; personal appeal and intellectually simulated that in itself helped Castro accomplish the drastic alteration he kind for Cuba. That is the societal and political reform he aimed to accomplish as a leader.

Were there any cultural features that helped him in leading? Would he be an effectual leader elsewhere?

The state ‘s civilization played an of import function in the behaviour of Fidel Castro. His personality and character evolved as he joined groups and finally they developed their ain civilization. Cultural features affect who we consider an effectual leader.

In Trompenaars ‘ survey of transverse cultural organisational civilization, Castro fits in the household class which states that they are power oriented, caring leader ; he cared profoundly for the hapless so much that he took forceful from the rich to give to the hapless of his darling Cuba. He besides was focused on constructing relationships but these relationships should non be overweighed by the outside beginning. We saw he formed partnership with a figure of opposite numbers such Che Guevara of Mexico, the Soviet Union, Grenada and Africa. ( Castro ‘s Biography, 2010 and Navandi 2009 )

Does he reflect any of the constructs of early theories of leading?

Castro demonstrated leading traits really early in his childhood. Trait theory indicates that leaders are born non made. His qualities as a leader farther reiterated this point. Castro had a natural ability to act upon his followings. He understood the people of Cuba particularly the hapless. This had a positive impact on the people of Cuba particularly cognizing that he was non born into a hapless household and was hence for the hapless.

As stated in the text “ Contingency Era theory leading position is that personality manner, behaviour of effectual leaders depends on the state of affairs in which there are placed ” ( Nahavandi 2009 ) .

This was apparent when Castro took the chance to be a liberator to the people in the clip when they were really disgruntled with the leading manner of the Bartista authorities. He saw an chance to derive trust and followings, and as the individual he was took full advantage of the state of affairs. His attack was successful. hence the ground for the monolithic followings. ( Castro ‘s Biography, 2010 )

Castro, because of his features was deemed to go a leader, irrespective of the context. Research shows that Castro demonstrated an A2 determination manner in the normative determination doing theoretical account. Nahavandi states that A2 leaders seek specific information nevertheless they make the determinations entirely.

What are the traits and features that make him a leader?

As with all leaders he had both positive and negative qualities. In researching, it was noted that the positive qualities at his early phase as Cuban leader outweighed the negatives. His motive helped the lower category Cubans raise their degree of ego regard. He was able to pull off the state good, despite the limitations placed from outside beginnings viz. the United States. As a consequence, he remained true to his beliefs and values. Most of all he was a rival ; he inspired his followings, took on great duties and showed bravery in the face of danger. In an attempt to carry through his ends and aims, he took the lead in all the putschs that were attempted. He ne’er left his followings to come in the conflicts of war entirely.

On the other manus, he was a obstinate leader who led with an Fe fist. At times, he was believed to be over confident and it was chiefly because of his educational background and experience. ( Nahavandi 2009 )

He was an autocratic leader and as such he was non willing to accept alteration. This was apparent during the early portion of his leading. He was so coercive ; he displayed this behaviour when his subsidiaries were punished for non following his orders.

In our research, we identified Castro as a type A leader and the Nahavandi provinces that the features and behaviour that accompany these types of leaders are their demand to be in control. Throughout the full research there were studies that stated Fidel Castro ‘s demand to derive control of Cuba and to be its leader. His presentation of hapless deputation, like to work entirely and difficult working are all features which he possess and are features of Type A leaders. ( Nahavandi 2009 )

Mr. Castro is comparatively average Machiavellian because of his effectivity as a leader and has had a history of easy pull stringsing his followings in an attempt to accomplishing his ends and aims ; that was to alter Cuba ‘s political clime, taking attention of the demands of the hapless and win support through his message and passion for his people. Careful analysis shows that based on the Myer Briggs Type index where he was a small of all the classs. For illustration, as the esthesis mind he would set up regulations and ordinances, leap to action excessively rapidly at times and push others to acquire to the point. The others are non suited to his character. As a sensational antenna, the most applicable is the reluctance to accept alteration. In the intuitive mind and antenna classs, these are the two that would use to Fidel Castro, designer of advancement and thoughts and good communicator. ( Nahavandi 2009 )

Leadership Style of Fidel Castro

Based on our research, Fidel Castro has displayed leading manners of being both a magnetic and transformational leader. He was more a dictator-charismatic leader. He was able to garner his followings through his personal appeal as opposed to garnering them through his external power of authorization. Fidel was ever concerned about the wellbeing of his people, particularly the less fortunate 1s. Therefore he took away wealth and belongings from the more fortunate Cubans and distributed to the less fortunate. He had a vision for the people of Cuba and therefore was able to utilize his vision through the people to spread out his power.

One of his visions was to guarantee that the less fortunate had their indispensable demands. In add-on, he promised the people of Cuba free instruction in which he delivered. By making this he believed that he was being really sensitive to the demands of his people. Although Fidel was a magnetic leader, he often displayed a dictatorship leading manner. The people of Cuba were non allowed freedom of address. Under his governing the people of Cuba were non allowed to go forth Cuba for a holiday elsewhere. Peoples who did non back up his party were reprimanded and non given equal chances. Some people of Cuba were even afraid to express the name, Fidel Castro. Alternatively they would do a ‘beard drawing mark ‘ in order to do person know they were mentioning to him. Cubans were besides denied entree to certain beaches and hotels. This had caused abuses to the people of Cuba. ( Halliday, 2008 ) .

Another component of leading manner displayed by Fidel Castro, was his ability to be a transformational leader in that he had the ability to act upon his followings moralss, values and criterions. He besides showed deep emotions towards his followings. He would besides joint the jobs within the system and would endeavour to work out those jobs. He besides empowered his followings by usage of his ain strengths and belief. ( Marques, 2010 )

Leadership positions of non-profits

Leaderships of non-profit organisations are associated with holding a societal mission which include salvaging the environment, feeding the place and lodging the homeless. These leaders besides reflect and back up ideological ends. Leaderships of non-profit organisations besides enjoy his/her work and hence they are motivated to execute in the best involvement of the organisation.

Fidel Castro displayed leading traits really early in his childhood yearss by demoing his finding and self- assurance. This came about during his early childhood yearss when his friends belonging to the upper category in society did non include him in their many societal activities. ( Marques, 2010 ) .

His leading reflected the point of view from non-profits. Cuba has been a communist state from since 1950, when Fidel Castro took over the authorities in a rebellion. The construct of communism trades with equality for all and the distribution of wealth. Fidel believed in the equality and he saw the demand to run into the demands of those who were less fortunate and those who needed to hold the basic demands for endurance. Hence the ground why Fidel implemented free wellness attention systems for all Cubans and aliens. Today, Cuba is known for executing many major surgeries. Children are given free instruction in primary and secondary degree. There is one instructor to every 10 Cuban pupils. Free third instruction is besides given. In footings of substructure, the roads in Cuba are equal, although there are unequal public conveyance systems in topographic point. ( The First Post, 2010 ) .

Communism and Socialism go manus in manus. Cuba is besides termed as a socialist state. Under the socialist motion, the Cuban authorities owns the province and all its industries. The socialist motion allows Cubans to hold free entree to goods and services. The particular demands of the oppressed are addressed under this system. In 1959, Fidel saw the demand to socialise the economic system because of the economic and political fastness the United States of America had on Cuba. Fidel believed that the Cuba needed to merchandise in order to populate and under the socialist system this was possible. By making so, the criterion of life was raised by the people of Cuba. The sectors in pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, technically and extremely educated work force, had set apart Cuba from the remainder of the 3rd universe states. These positives all occurred under the leading of Fidel Castro. ( Durand, 2003 ) .

The absence of participative direction manner

Fidel Castro was known for his important leading manner and hence did non let for participative direction manners. He was really important and he dictated all the policies and processs. He directed and controlled all activities without the inclusion of his members of the authorities or the people of Cuba on a whole. The people of Cuba were non free to go forth the state as they pleased. For illustration, traveling on a holiday to another state was non allowed. Cubans can go merely if the authorities authorizes them to make so.

He did non include his curates in his determination devising procedure. He would do the determinations and so rede them. They were non allowed to challenge his determinations. Fidel did non portion information with his co-workers. Therefore it was hard for his Curates to exhibit their accomplishments and endowments. His curates were non allowed to find work agendas for the development of Cuba, neither were they given adequate chances to do determinations sing the budget for the state. Fidel and his brother Raul made many of those determinations. This resulted in his curates and followings were non motivated and they felt that they were non given the chance to be portion of many of the determinations he made. Because of his leading manner, creativeness and invention were two important elements his curates were missing. The lone clip Fidel delegated his powers, was when he got ill and was unable to govern Cuba any longer. He delegated his power to his younger brother, Raul Castro. Raul was given the leading by Fidel Castro. The people of Cuba were non given the chance to vote for a leader. In this case we can reason that nepotism was a factor in his determination devising. ( The First station, 2010 ) .

Participative direction is really of import in organisations because leaders and directors should seek to do the most of its followings. Their followings should be given the chance be portion of the determination devising procedure. By making so, new thoughts can be developed and implemented for the improvement of the organisation. ( Author unknown, 2010 ) .

Leader of alteration?

Fidel Castro could non be considered a leader of alteration because he believed that his manner is the right manner and he believed in the communism construct. He wanted power over the full Cuban state and did non desire any invasion from the outside forces, particularly the United States of America. He believed in what he stood for and was really stiff in his determination devising procedure. His bossy and dictatorship manners were strong indexs that Fidel did non desire alteration in his manner of thought and his determination devising procedure.

Yes he wanted alteration in footings on wealth and belongings being equally distributed throughout the state. When Fidel came into power, rent was cut by 50 per centum ( 50 % ) for people who received low rewards. He nationalized the telephone companies and the rates were cut in order that civilians were able to pay their public-service corporation measure. Casinos and cabarets were closed down by Fidel because he saw those two establishments as corruptness for the state. A high per centum of the Cuban population was illiterate. Many individuals in rural countries could non read or compose. Since Fidel took office, free instruction was given to all the people of Cuba. In footings of the wellness systems, new preparation schools were built for physicians. Infant mortality rate fell when he came into power. However, he did non desire alteration in footings of another political party opinion Cuba. Fidel was of the sentiment that his leading manner was best suited for the people of Cuba. He wanted alteration in footings of corruptness. ( Simkin, 2010 ) .

Fidel was inexorable about staying in power without any intervention from outside beginnings and he strongly believed that his state should be ruled the manner in which he ruled. Because of his strong will and act upon on many of his followings, he did non desire to be removed from power, because he believed that he was the best swayer for Cuba. Therefore, he did non desire any alterations to come about sing his opinion or leading manner. He refused to keep free elections for the people of Cuba because he did non desire alteration. ( Simkin, 2010 )

How did Fidel Castro develop Raul to be a leader

Fidel Castro relinquished his power in February 2008, to his brother Raul Castro and as stated earlier in this paper, the people of Cuba were non given an chance to vote. His brother Raul was placed in his place. Many of the people of Cuba believe that Raul has many character traits as his brother Fidel, therefore the ground why Fidel handed over power to him. It is believed that Fidel and Raul have a really close relationship and that Raul will follow in his footfalls.

During Fidel ‘s regulation, Raul was the other individual he would confer with with whenever he would necessitate to do a determination. Raul, like his brother Fidel is concerned about the distribution of nutrient to persons who face changeless jobs with deficits. This was besides one of the factors that Fidel fought for his people. Raul under Fidel ‘s leading believed in the same. Raul believed in the same political orientations as his brother Fidel. He besides believed that Cuba should stay a Communist province, because communism would let for the people of Cuba to hold equal rights. While Raul may take to do minor alterations in Cuba, one of the factors that would stay is the animus between Cuba and the Unites States of America. It can be concluded that Raul being trained as leader under Fidel, this issue may take a really long clip to decide, it if will be resolved at all. While Fidel was in power, his brother Raul was puting the land work for the rebuilding of Cuba ‘s economic system. Fidel was able to propose thoughts to his brother Raul to be successful in this venture. ( Roig-Franzia, 2008 ) .


Fidel Castro used his strategic penetration to work his manner into governing Cuba, when people were dissatisfied with the opinion of Batista. Today Fidel is still non liked by many Cubans because the people do non populate in a democratic society. They are non free to populate the lives like many other civilians in other parts of the universe. Because of his resiliency he did non let the point of views of others which is one of the chief grounds many Cubans fled the state. His certitude revealed high quality in cognition and his obstinate patterns caused him to govern with an Fe fist.

The paper besides outlined how effectual he was as a leader in footings of acquiring his followings to follow with his determinations and the cultural features were besides looked at, and how it helped him in his leading manner. The constructs of early theories were besides outlined and in add-on the beginnings of power and how he used his power to act upon his followings.

Fidel showed the transformational leader he was in footings of act uponing his followings and paying attending to their moralss, long term ends and criterion. Despite his bossy opinion, he was a difficult worker and he demonstrated it. He besides demonstrated bravery in that he took hazards and cognizing that his manner may neglect. Whenever he failed, he got right back up and tried once more. In footings of communicating, Fidel did small communicating with his subsidiaries. He made his determinations and executed them whether or non his followings were pleased with them. He was determined, and had the self-control to govern Cuba and therefore he fought the foreigners who tried to take over from his opinion. He was ne’er discouraged by reverses. He saw reverses as portion of the acquisition procedure.

Fidel had both positive and negative traits as a leader. This was exemplified by his manner of governing Cuba. He is a good known politician, and will be remembered by the people of Cuba and the universe on a whole. He will be remembered for his bossy and dictatorship leading manners.

He will besides be remembered for assisting the less fortunate people of Cuba. He was an active member of the guerrilla motion. This was a stepping rock to going political leader of his party and swayer of Cuba. Today, many believe that his brother Raul will govern Cuba the same manner his brother did. Since Raul took over in 2008, there have non been many alterations in the leading manner. Raul has inherited his brother ‘s leading qualities. ( Marques, 2010 )