Historical context of United States foreign policy: Foreign policy as a signifier of policy determination that guides state dealingss with the outside universe is non inactive but alterations with times in order to do them effectual at run intoing a state ‘s national involvement. This has been so with the State ‘s foreign policy. The United States has seen at the clip was both militarily and economically weak. As it formative old ages and moving organize the point of national involvement, United States sought to foremost and first develop domestically before prosecuting in expressed national intimacies. As such it adopted such policies as isolationist and expansionist policies so us to protect it internal personal businesss, particularly on the economic forepart. The laminitiss of U.S had cardinal misgiving of European authoritiess and as such maintained a impersonal place given that it was militarily weak and could non straight influence Europeans actions ( Combs 18-20 )
Internal beginnings of American foreign policy: Geographic high quality, economic sciences and military capablenesss.
American isolationist policy was possible partially because of its geographical characteristics. It offered U.S protection given the huge oceans environing it that took considerable clip to transverse. With no modern arms enabled and an economic system that was at its developmental phases, the United States adopted isolationist policy which kept it away from miring confederations ; clear of European political relations and struggle. At the same clip it adopted an expansionist policy and in the procedure bought Louisiana in ( 1803 ) gained district from Mexico ( 1848 ) , purchased Alaska ( 1867 ) annexed Hawaii ( 1898 ) .End of Isolationist policy begun with1898 Spanish-American War and WWI 1914-1918. Wining the former gave US ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam and Philippines. During the WWI the US declared war on Germany in April 1917 as it refused to give up it purpose to drop all ships headed for Britain that included American excessively. By this clip America was militarily and economically strong and used it as instrument of foreign policy in footings of trade and foreign assistance to its Alliess ( Combs 32-39 )
Foreign policy as a chase of national involvement: Economic involvement:
United States in all its foreign policy acted so in its national involvement particularly on the economic field. This is in line with the realist position of foreign policy as being in chase of a state ‘s national involvement. . Looking at the events that led into United States isolationist policy and ulterior interventionist policy, there is strong indicant that the policy shapers were focused their attending in the involvement of the American economic well being. For illustration by the clip the civil war ended Lincoln ‘s secretary William Seaward had come up with an enlargement scheme that was founded more on commercial enlargement as opposed to territorial enlargement. Its purchase of Alaska from Russia was a astute move to set up secure trade channels with the Far East. It farther promoted an unfastened door policy with China and as such whipping such colonial powers as Japan and china from possessing it to continue market for its goods. Creation of international organisation such as the conference of state non so much for idealistic grounds but as a agency through which the U.S could act upon international events in a way in line with it ‘s national involvement footings of foreign trade. ( Significant Events in U.S. Foreign Relations 154-165 ) )
2. Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance refers to a period in the American history whereby Afro-american civilization, literature and music permeated mainstream American life. Their creativeness came out and was at its extremum and became influential more than of all time. Many great musician, poet and writers emerged from this period with such people as Georgia Douglas and Gwendolyn Bennet being some of the popular poet who came out of the period. Bennet influenced by the predicament of inkinesss with their race and civilization being regarded as inferior sought to compose about community pride every bit good as romanticising about being black in her wordss. Such subjects as racial pride and the genuineness of African dance and music was apparent in her work. One of her vocal read as follows “ aˆ¦My vocal has the exuberant sugariness, of moist, dark lips, Where hymns maintain company, with old disregarded banjo vocals ” ( Wilson n.p )
Inter-racial connectivity was therefore a important and permanent Harlem Renaissance ‘s result as brought into contact as art frequenters, ocular creative person wind instrumentalist, party departers, entertainers and mass receiver and consumers of poplar civilization. With small precedency for a reciprocally helpful inter-racial contact, with the exclusion of abolitionist motion the Harlem Renaissance provided a perfect avenue for cultural exchanges across civilizations.
Despite the emancipation announcement the North still experienced jobs with public violences and continued segregation between Africans and the Whites, with the latter still working as retainer. The assurance that characterized the rhetoric, creativeness and activities at the clip was made possible by the alterations in perceptual experience of civilization and race. Get downing in the 19th century new penetration from intellectuals from such field such history, anthropology and scientific disciplines which questioned much of ailment conceived perceptual experience of lower status of African civilization. By the terminal of WW1 a considerable cohort of creative persons, bookmans and societal reformists had strong believe about race being an innovation and that the different races were non inherently different every bit far as their possible and indispensable worth was concerned.
African -American middleclass begun to organize with given their entree to better instruction and occupations. Prominent rational creative person and poet came up including such people as W. Dubois and Marcus Gurvy. He endeavored to interrupt the old Stereotype of African as an nonreader humanity and state folks. To him therefore instruction was of import for the inkinesss to break their lives and as such showed intelligence and creativeness of the inkinesss. He with others founded National Association of coloured people and doubled as the editor of the association ‘s magazine, the crisis. It gave the inkinesss a opportunity to showcase their thoughts with readers. Lain Locke was a poet and through The New Negro, a aggregation of verse forms, essays and short narratives by black authors. It helped interrupt bing stereotypes by in showcasing the inkinesss as believing people with alone thoughts about their yesteryear ( Rau 7-17 )
Combs, Jerald A. The History of American Foreign Policy: To 1920.
M.E. Sharpe, 2008. Print
Rau, Dana.r Compass. The Harlem Renaissance. Point Books, 2006. Print
Significant Events in U.S. Foreign Relations ( 1900 – 2001 ) . DIANE Publishing. ISBN1428966552, 9781428966550. Web. 21 Feb. 2011.
Wilson, Sonya L. The Harlem Renaissance and Female Poets. bellaonline.com. Bellaonline, n.p. Web. 21 Feb. 2011.