The intent of this probe is to reply the inquiry to what extent was Fidel Castros function in Cuba more important than Khrushchevs function in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. The chief organic structure of grounds will look into how Fidel Castro and Nikita S. Khrushchev were involved with the Cuban Missile Crisis. Evidence will include scholarly diaries, articles, books, and docudramas. Documents will be analyzed in respects to their beginnings, intent, value, and restrictions in order to properly evaluate grounds. The book, Khrushchev Remembers written by Nikita Khrushchev and Lessons ‘ of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Warsaw Pact Nuclear Operations written by Mark Kramer have been evaluated and will be used for the grounds to explicate an analysis. An analysis of these paperss, every bit good as the sum-up of grounds will be used to find Fidel Castro ‘s significance in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
B. Summary of Evidence
In early 1962, an American invasion was planned to subvert Castro ‘s absolutism in Cuba. It was beneath these conditions when Cubans learned that the Soviet Union was really much concerned about a direct assault of Cuba by the United States and that they tried to calculate out how to increase their state ‘s capableness to support against an assault ( Zubok 9 ) . Soviet Leader Khrushchev imagined a program of protecting Cuban independency by put ining missiles with atomic arms in Cuba without the United States detecting or able to detect until it was excessively late to make anything about it. Castro accepted Khrushchev ‘s proposal. After hearing that Castro approved the Soviet Leader ‘s proposal the Soviet Union began put ining atomic arms ( Allyn 3 ) . Before the Cuban Missile Crisis between the United States and Cuba, Castro and American relationships were tense because of the Bay of Pigs in 1961 ( Khrushchev 29 ) .
The President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, called for a naval line of defence from Cuba and used diplomatic dialogues with the Soviet Leader Khrushchev to come to a colony in the remotion of the arms. Numerous events took topographic point during the dialogues that influenced the increased tensenesss and appeared to convey the universe even closer to a atomic calamity ( Brenner 6 ) . One of the legion incidents was that the United States believed that Castro was the 1 who ordered Cuban heavy weapon to fire at the U.S. planes on the forenoon of 27 October, 1962 ( Hershberg 7 ) . Even though Castro may hold ordered Cuban heavy weapon to fire, there was no grounds that he prepared Soviet heavy weapon to fire ( Fursenko 42 ) . In add-on, an incident that took topographic point and influenced the increased tenseness between the states was Castro ‘s missive to Soviet Leader Khrushchev which suggested that the Soviet Union should establish a first-strike atomic onslaught on the United States ( Kramer 126 ) . Castro was pushed into an confederation with communist Soviet Union which left Castro leery of American designs in Cuba ( Burr 7 ) . The Cuban Missile Crisis came to an terminal on 28 October 1962 when both the President of the United States and the Soviet Leader came to a colony which was the Soviet Union taking their arms from Cuba while being watched by the United States and the United States taking their naval line of defence and assuring that they would non infest Cuba. Soviet Leader Khrushchev ‘s announced a new order on the wireless which was to take apart the arms that they created ( Welch 234 ) . Castro would non lend in the dialogues which left the state of affairs to be resolved between the United States and the Soviet Union. Soviet Leader Khrushchev ‘s proclamation on the wireless to take apart the arms non stunned and humiliated Castro for non taking portion in the dialogues ( Garthoff 51 ) . Although Soviet Leader Khrushchev was in charge during the clip period of the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, Castro was still really much involved with the deployment of atomic arms and the shot of the Renaissance plane. Castro ‘s function in the Cuban Missile Crisis was reasonably important in the Cuban Missile Crisis ; nevertheless, because he did non take part in the dialogues between the United States and the Soviet Union his function in the Cuban Missile Crisis was non every bit of import as mine ( Khrushchev 101-102 ) .
C. Evaluation of Beginnings
Lessons ‘ of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Warsaw Pact Nuclear Operations by Mark Kramer, a research worker from the Davis Center for Russian Studies, besides known as The Russian Research Center at Harvard University, presents a elaborate and comprehensive history of the beginnings of the Cuban Missile Crisis. The book goes into item about how Fidel Castro visualizes Cuba ‘s problems and what he hopes to make about it derived from this history of a alone conference held in Havana in 1992. The intent of this beginning is to convey what Cuba was traveling through during the Cuban Missile Crisis and what Cuba has learned from this state of affairs that took topographic point. The value of this beginning is that this helps reply the inquiry to what extent was the significance of Fidel Castro ‘s function in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 because this beginnings helps aid the comprehension on Castro ‘s influence on Cuba. This beginning is besides valuable because it is written by a research worker that has studied the Cuban Missile Crisis for several old ages and a battalion of information on the subject. A restriction of this beginning is that it does non turn to why Castro allowed the Soviet to put in missiles. Another restriction is because this beginning is written in the Soviet Leader ‘s position, the function of Fidel Castro in the Cuban Missile Crisis non emphasized.
Khrushchev Remembers written by Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet Leader during the clip period of the Cuban Missile Crisis provides an elaborate and inclusive description of the beginnings of Soviet Leader Khrushchev ‘s experiences during the Cuban Missile Crisis. It goes into luxuriant item about his memories on the Cuban Missile Crisis and his remembrances strengthen the feeling of gratitude for little things won or non lost. The intent of this beginning is to picture what the Soviet Leader of Cuba remembered during the Cuban Missile Crisis period. The value of this beginning is that this helps reply the inquiry to what extent was Fidel Castro ‘s function in Cuba important in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 because of the beginning traveling into item about Castro presence during the Cuban Missile Crisis. This beginning is besides valuable because this is told in the point of position of the adult male who was in charge of the Soviet Union during the crisis. A restriction of this beginning is that it does non assist turn to why Castro made the trade understanding with Russia. Another restriction is that due to the late discovered facts about the Cuban Missile Crisis, all facts refering to the Cuban Missile Crisis may non be given.
Fidel Castro ‘s importance in the Cuban Missile Crisis was to damage the repute of Americans and its illation with internal issues because Cuba was concerned about the failed Bay of Pigs humiliation that they faced ( Zubok 9 ) . There was a planned invasion that to subvert Castro ‘s absolutism in Cuba and the United States was willing to assist ( Allyn 3 ) . In add-on, Soviet Leader Khrushchev installed missiles with atomic payload without the consent of the United States. Castro allowed the Soviets to put in missiles so near to the United States which brought the universe to the threshold of atomic war because the United States found out and retaliated ( Khrushchev 29 ) . Castro was able to put in such arms because Castro made a trade understanding with Russia where Cuba sent sugar to Russia in return for oil, machines and money ( Brenner 6 ) .
Castro ‘s function was important because he allowed Soviet Leader Khrushchev to follow through with the programs he created and because he made a trade understanding with Russia to be able to bring forth arms of mass devastation. However, beginnings have stated that Cuba sent missiles out because of the strategic inequality between the United States and the Soviet Union. Cuba wanted to equilibrate power ; hence, they felt they needed to construct atomic arms ( Hershberg 7 ) .
Castro ordered the anti-aircraft officers to gun down the United States reconnaissance plane ( Fursenko 42 ) . This demonstrates Castro ‘s significance in the Cuban Missile Crisis because he ordered that the plane was shot down and it was which conveys his significance because it was Castro ‘s determination that got the plane shot down ( Kramer 126 ) . In add-on, Castro recommended that the Soviets launched a atomic onslaught on the United States. This was Castro ‘s greatest significance in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Castro ‘s willingness to utilize violent behaviour persuaded Soviet Leader Khrushchev the importance of continuing universe peace ( Burr 7 ) . The United States stopped merchandising with Cuba due to the Renaissance being shot down and Cuba nationalized all American-owned companies.
Furthermore, Castro ‘s deficiency of engagement in dialogues was another large impact. Because Castro did non take part in the dialogue he was unaware of what was being compromised ( Welch 234 ) . For case, when Soviet Leader Khrushchev removed all the arms from Cuba, Castro was unaware of the Soviet Leader devising that determination ( Garthoff 51 ) . Because the Cuban Missile Crisis was between the United States and the Soviet Union, it should hold been classified as the Cuban American relation. Soviet Leader Khrushchev states that Castro was entirely responsible for the shot of the Renaissance plane ( Khrushchev 101 ) . Besides, he stated that Castro encouraged the Soviet Union to establish a pre-emptive work stoppage against the United States. This demonstrates that Castro was a monolithic impact on the Cuban Missile Crisis because Soviet Leader Khrushchev confessed and provinces that Castro was to the full responsible for the shot of the plane and establishing the work stoppage against the United States. This besides depicts that Castro ignited the Cuban Missile Crisis because when the plane was shot down the United States wanted to revenge instantly and now cognizing that Castro was responsible for the plane being changeable down we know that he ignited the fire under the United States.
It is possible to state that Fidel Castro had a immense impact on the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Because Castro was responsible for the shot of the Renaissance plane, his function in the Cuban Missile Crisis was greatly important. This is because when Castro shot down the plane, the United States wanted to strike back instantly ; hence, the tensenesss between the two states rose after Castro ‘s determination. Besides Castro encouraged the Soviet Union to establish a pre-emptive work stoppage against the United States. This was another immense impact because Cuba alarmed the United States and made the United States become to the full equipped for a atomic war. Furthermore, because Castro allowed the Soviets to put in missiles so near to the United States people say that he is responsible for the Cuban Missile Crisis. Because of Fidel Castro ‘s actions and determinations, the universe was brought to the threshold of the atomic war which demonstrates that Castro did hold a important function in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. However, Castro can non have full recognition for the Cuban Missile Crisis because the major function belonged to Soviet Leader Khrushchev, who caused the full happening of the crisis and resolved the crisis. However, one can state that Castro had a immense impact on the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.
Although there are many decisions that could be made about if Fidel Castro had a important function in the Cuban Missile Crisis, I believe that Fidel Castro had merely every bit much of a important function as Soviet Leader Khrushchev did because Castro helped do the determinations that were made ; hence, Castro ‘s function was important function in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
F. List of Beginnings
Alexander Fursenko, A ” Tactical Nuclear Weapons, Soviet Command Authority, and the Cuban Missile Crisis ” A Cold War International History Project Electronic BulletinA 3
Bruce J. Allyn, “ Using KGB Documents: the Scali-Feklisov Channel in the Cuban Missile
Crisis. ” Print. , 1995
David A. Welch, “ The Sino-Indian Conflict, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Sino-Soviet Split,
October 1962: New Evidence from the Russian Archives ” Print. , 1996
James G. Blight, “ Kramer vs. Kramer: Or, How Can You Have Revisionism in the Absence of
Orthodoxy? ” Cold War International History Project Electronic BulletinA 3 Print. , 1993
James G. Hershberg, A ” More on Bobby and the Cuban Missile Crisis ” A Print. , 1997
Khrushchev, Nikita S. “ Khrushchev Remembers ” Ed. and trans. Strobe Talbott. Boston: Small
Kramer, MarkA ” The ‘Lessons ‘ of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Warsaw Pact Nuclear Operations ”
Print. , 1997.
Philip Brenner, “ The Crisis and Cuban-Soviet Relationss: Fidel Castro ‘s
Secret 1968 Speech ” A Print. , 1995
Raymond L. Garthoff, A ” New Evidence on the Cuban Missile Crisis: Khrushchev, Nuclear
Weapons and the Cuban Missile Crisis ” Print. , 1998.
Vladislav M. Zubok, A ” Dismayed by the Actions of the Soviet Union ‘ : Mikoyan ‘s negotiations with Fidel
Castro and the Cuban leading, November 1962, ” A Print. , 1995
William Burr, A ” Soviet Cold War Military Scheme: Exploitation Declassified History ” Print. , 1957.