Effects Of Economic Downturn On Sainsbury Financial Market Finance Essay

The purpose of this study will be to analyze the effects which the economic downswing had on Sainsbury fiscal market and public presentation over the old ages of 2008 and 2009.

The study will be dissected into four chief countries. First, an analysis and rating of Sainsbury fiscal public presentation utilizing ratios as a tool will be obtained from the one-year studies of 2008 and 2009. A tendency analysis will be done to show the form of Sainsbury fiscal public presentation over the old ages 2005 to 2009.

Furthermore, an analysis and rating of developments in the supermarket industry will be done for the old ages 2008 and 2009.

In add-on, a ‘what if ‘ analysis of the likely fiscal public presentation of Sainsbury, had the downswing non ensued will be conducted. Finally, decisions of the study will be discussed to uncover if the company was prepared and how good they handled the force per unit areas of the downswing to understate impact on their fiscal public presentation.



Sainsbury is the UK ‘s 3rd largest supermarket. Their chief rivals are

Tesco, Asda and Morrison.

Soon, Sainsbury operates 504 supermarkets across the UK, using

about 150,000 employees1.


Sainsbury Histories

Sainsbury one-year financial twelvemonth ends in the 3rd hebdomad of March each twelvemonth. They antecedently used the UK GAAP accounting format up until 2005 and in 2006 they changed over to the IFRS. Their hearer is PricewaterhouseCoopers. The company uses the traveling concern concept2.


Sainsbury Financial Tools

The fiscal tools used are the Income statement, Balance sheet, Cash flow statement and fiscal ratios3. Table 1.2 below shows the of import figures extracted from the fiscal tools.

The ratios above illustrate a moderate diminution in profitableness in 2008 when compared to 2007. In 2008, the UK began to see the effects of the downswing which is apparent harmonizing to the tabular array above. However, when comparing 2008 to 2009, the figures suggest that profitableness increased by about 3 % overall. Sainsbury responded to the economic lag through their profitableness. The downward profitableness in 2008 was most likely due to alterations in policies and patterns to undertake rising prices and additions in nutrient monetary values in a competitory industry.

Furthermore, the market conditions instigated a alteration in buying behavior which triggered Sainsbury to cut wastages by revamping their value concatenation and intensively increasing publicities. These actions showed growing consequences in 2009 as ROCE and NPM increased somewhat.

GPM over the 2008 and 2009 have decreased somewhat by 1.35 % due to the downswing but still keep healthy figures which are above industry norm. Interestingly though, gross revenues increased throughout 2006 to 2009, nevertheless, disbursals besides increased lending to the little lessening in the GPM4. Because of reduced disposable family income Sainsbury acted fleetly to diversify hazards to guarantee they maintain their GPM.

Table 2.1 revealed that NPM increased by 0.59 % from 2008 to 2009 and by 0.53 % over 2006 to 2009. These additions continue despite the economic lag demoing their fiscal power. It is good above industry norm of 0.92 % because strategic programs were decently planned and executed and gross revenues volume increased without increasing costs.

ROCE from 2008 to 2009 increased by 20 % chiefly because of returns attained from belongings disposal, used to finance overall operations. From 2007 to 2008, nevertheless, it decreased somewhat because of oil related costs and increased concern rates. Nevertheless, the general tendency from 2006 to 2009 indicates proper assets utilisation and investor assurance.

Table 2.2 above indicates that Sainsbury has equal current assets to fit their current liabilities ; nevertheless in 2009 the current ratio dropped somewhat below the industry norm. Current assets are go oning to diminish most likely from puting strictly in long-run ventures or because current liabilities are lifting faster than current assets. Sainsbury used their liquidassets to finance their concern through selling and publicities to do it

profitable, therefore profitable during the downswing.

Acid Test Ratio illustrates a steady diminution by about 50 % over 2006 to 2009. It continuously fell below the industry norm every bit good. Nevertheless, Sainsbury has a singular debitor payment period5 and recovered debts rapidly even during the downswing. Therefore, the diminution in the speedy ratio may hold resulted from puting in long-run activities to guarantee profitableness and addition market portion.

Shareholder ‘s Liquidity have increased during the downswing overall by 25 % but declined in 2009. However, the figures from Table 2.2 illustrates that stockholders should be satisfied as Sainsbury is still pull offing to stay profitable good into the long-run.

Sainsbury has a comparatively stable debitor payment period of merely four yearss earlier, during and after the downswing. This indicates that they are adhering to policies in topographic point to retrieve their debts at a hard currency strapped clip when debitors may non hold financess to do payments. However, being a supermarket, most of their gross revenues are in hard currency which is the principle of a high debitor payment figure.

The creditor yearss ratio reveals that Sainsbury obtains payment from their debitors before paying their creditors. During the downswing, their payments to providers were non affected because they had sufficient hard currency to finance themselves by using hard currency received from their debitors. One can presume that their creditors are really indulgent given that Sainsbury is reasonably liquid ; they recover debts rapidly but take about two months to pay providers.

Stock turnover is about 14 yearss which is still somewhat high because of the life-span nutrients and veggies have to stay fresh. This means that stock demands to be rotated really frequently. Nonetheless, Sainsbury besides stock family and domestic points which remains a long piece to be rotated.

EPS fell by 10 pence during the downswing and declined farther by 26 % in 2009, stockholders therefore received a lower rate per portion in 2008-2009. However, balance sheet and hard currency flow statements reveal that stockholders are puting by geting belongingss to entree more infinite for future enlargement.

The pitching ratio increased by 11 % from 2008-2009 bespeaking that hazards are increasing due to the alterations that were made to last the economic lag. Interest rates decreased well doing imports to be more dearly-won and the pitching ratio to increase due to market volatility.