The Irish rebellion was non the lone factor in doing the English civil war. There were many other long term and short term factors that may hold contributed to the civil war. These long term causes were power, faith and money. The short term causes were Charles ‘ determination to present the supplication book and bishops into scotish kirks, the first bishops war, the 2nd bishops war and the Irish rebellion. All of which caused tenseness between king and parliament.
Power is one of the chief grounds for the civil war as King Charles I was at dunces with parliament who besides want every bit much power as the male monarch had had over the past old ages. Parliament were angry that the King had had all of the power to himself for the past 11 old ages during his personal regulation and they wanted some of that power for themselves. Charles tried to utilize the power he had to alter the manner the church in Scotland was run, as it says he can in the Godhead rights of male monarchs which was a critical beginning of struggle throughout King Charles I reign.
As male monarch and caput of the Church of England, Charles had the power to alter how the church was run. Charles decided to reform to church with the aid of the Arch bishop of Canterbury, William Laud. This enraged parliament, the bulk of whom were Puritans. They could n’t accept the Laudian reforms and this became a major beginning of struggle though out Charles ‘s reign and was a major lending factor to the start of the civil war.
Religion had been a major beginning of tenseness for many old ages in England as the Protestants and Catholics had been at dunces of all time since Queen Mary I had killed 1000s of Protestants. Since so, Protestants and Catholics had seen each other as a menace, which was already doing tenseness in England which, once more, could hold been a major subscriber to the start of the civil war.
Money had besides become a big country of concern for Parliament who felt they had to happen a manner to halt Charles from funding is 11 twelvemonth personal regulation. Parliament offered Charles Tunnage and Poundage for merely one twelvemonth which would hold greatly angered him as sovereigns usually receive tunnage and poundage indefinatly. Charles imposed the Distraint of Knighthood which angered many landholders as work forces having estates deserving ?40 per twelvemonth were meant to show themselves at a new Kings enthronement for Knighting. This would intend that they had to pay excess revenue enhancements one time they became a Lord or a Sir and Charles fined those who did n’t present themselves for Knighting even though this jurisprudence had non been enforced since the early Tudors. This meant that Charles ‘s topics would hold started revolting and hence caused utmost choler within the state and could hold helped to do the civil war.
Along with the three long term causes there were a batch of short term causes. These included the alterations that King Charles tried to convey in to the Scots Kirks, the first bishops war, the 2nd bishops war, the actions taken by parliament to sabotage King Charles and the Irish Rebellion.
Charles tried to convey in Bishops into the Scots Kirks. Charles wanted more control over what happened in the churches, so brought in Bishops to command what happened. However, this made the Scots feel betrayed as they felt that Bishops were excessively Catholic for their Protestant positions. Charles besides decided he wanted to convey in the supplication book used in English churches as he felt that the Scots kirks were disorganised and lacked fear. The Scots felt their kirk was a symbol of their spiritual and cultural individuality and by Charles seeking to alter the manner the kirks were run they felt that their individuality was being taken off from them, which made them desire to contend back to halt the King doing any more alterations. This was a important factor in doing the civil war and could hold been more important than the Irish rebellion as the people of Scotland united with parliament and prepared for a war against Charles.
After 11 old ages of personal regulation, Charles calls parliament, nevertheless, he does n’t wish what they say and rapidly stopping points parliament once more after merely three hebdomads. This would hold angered the members of parliament and made them more likely to revolt and antagonize Charles and finally get down a civil war.
At the start of the first bishops was in 1639, King Charles began raising an ground forces. Charles had asked parliament for money to increase the strength of the ground forces but parliament, fearing that if the male monarch had an ground forces, he would utilize that ground forces against them, which would hold caused more tenseness between king and parliament. King Charles was made to subscribe the pact of Berwick which forced him to abandon his programs to present the English supplication book in Scotland. This would hold angered him as he believed that he had the right to alter anything to make with the church as caput of the Church of England. Besides the Godhead right of male monarchs said that he could alter anything he wanted to and Charles strongly believed this which would hold antagonised parliament and the Scots along with Charles being angry that he was non being allowed to make what he thought he should hold been. This would hold played a larger function in doing the civil war than the Irish rebellion.
During the 2nd bishops war, the Scottish invaded and occupied Newcastle and ordered Charles to pay ?850 per twenty-four hours coercing Charles to name parliament in November 1640. This would hold angered Charles as he was being backed into a corner by parliament and the Scots and being made to make something he did n’t desire to and as male monarch, he can make whatever he wanted to as it said in the Godhead rights of male monarchs.
Along with all of the rebellion go oning in Scotland and problem with parliament non leting Charles to hold any money, they besides made it impossible for Charles to govern without the support of parliament. They impeached Laud ( archbishop of Canterbury ) , created two Acts of the Apostless, they removed the prerogative tribunals and proposed the act of civil death, one significance you ca n’t be imprisoned or punished without test, the other significance that you were able to be executed without test, parliament removed curates and proposed a Root and Branch request significance at that place would no longer be bishops in Protestant churches. They besides removed money raising strategies. All of these steps were designed to endorse Charles into a corner and force him to name parliament as he would no longer be able to finance a personal regulation. All of this would hold made Charles angry as some of the policies proposed by parliament were hypocritical and forced Charles to make what parliament wanted. Parliament had stripped Charles of most of his power, which, as King, Charles felt was truly his.
The Irish rebellion of 1641 may non hold been the lone cause of the civil war but it did play a major portion. In October 1641 the rebellion broke out in Ulster which would hold made the people who lived their highly dying and it is likely that they would hold fought back as a agency of protecting their land. In the November of 1641, many Protestant colonists were massacred by Irish insurrectionists. This would hold made the King highly dying as he excessively was a Protestant and would likely hold been scared about what was to follow. In late November, early December, the Irish rebellion descended into lawlessness as repressed hate between old Irish Catholics and the new Protestant colonists resulted in utmost force.
Although to get down with, most of the combat in Ireland had been between little sets, which were raised locally and had been assailing the civilians of opposing spiritual and cultural groups, towards the terminal of December 1641, Sir Simon Harcourt arrived in Dublin as the caput of a big ground forces which had been raised by parliament from voluntary subscriptions. This would hold angered and perchance scared the Irish citizens and may hold made the job worse.
At the hight of the force in Ireland, it is estimated that up to 12,000 Protestants died, with the bulk deceasing from cold, and disease after being expelled from their places in the deepnesss of winter. As a effect of the force go oning in Ireland and the propaganda postings that were being produced, many Irish Catholics and priests were arrested due to protestant paranoia. Many Irish soldiers who were returning from contending for Kings of France and Spain were detained at ports and questioned. This would hold caused the Irish to acquire more angry and aloud the force to intensify. This would hold added to the bing tenseness in England between king and parliament and their differing thoughts on faith, money and power.
Many Catholic Rebels had claimed trueness to the King and Charles had proposed that he lead an ground forces to supress the rebellion. However, parliament feared that Charles, if provided with an ground forces, would utilize that ground forces to supress the rebellion in England. The puritan attorney, John Pym, proposed that parliament should merely co-operate in supressing the Irish rebellion if the King appointed advisers which had been approved by parliament, which would intend that they were less likely to propose that Charles should get down a war with parliament. However Charles felt controlled by this farther onslaught on his privilege and lashed out into the beginnings of the civil war.
As you can see from the points presented, there were many grounds and triggers for the beginnings of the civil war. Parliament had taken a strong disfavor to Charles and reasonably much from the word travel had been backed into a corner by Parliament and the civil war was Charles floging out at Parliament for being so rigorous with him. The Irish rebellion was the straw that broke the camels back, so to talk. In the words of the Kings protagonist Earl Clarendon ;
“ Though Scotland blew the first cornet, it was Ireland that drew the first blood ; and if they had non at that clip rebelled, and in that mode, it is really likely all the wretchednesss which afterwards befell the King and his rules had been prevented. ”
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