When you ask person to depict the American Civil War, they may get down with battlegrounds, arms and the work forces who used them, yet non many people would speak about adult females and what they did during the Civil War. Women had many functions in the American Civil War, from masquerading as work forces to function as soldiers or undercover agents to functioning as nurses, in fact, adult females nurses of this epoch helped determine adult females ‘s functions in military and healthcare today.
Jennie Hodgers enlisted August 6, 1862 as Albert Cashier. She served three old ages and 11 yearss with the 95th Illinois Infantry Regiment, under Ulysses S. Grant with the Army of Tennessee. During her services, she fought in more than 40 conflicts. One conflict was the Siege of Vicksburg, where she was captured, but escaped by acquiring a guards gun and ran to the Union side ( Hall 22 ) . After the war, she continued to be Albert Cashier until she broke her leg working for a former Senator of Illinois. This happened when he backed into her, while she was picking up sticks in his pace. The physician so discovered that she was a adult female and did non maintain it quiet. She ne’er recovered from the broken leg. On May 9, 1911, Jennie was admitted to Soldiers and Sailors Home as Albert Cashier, where she passed off subsequently the same twelvemonth.
Private Franklin Thompson enlisted in the Second Michigan Infantry Regiment, Company F, but was truly Sara Emma Edmonds. On March 4, 1862, Colonel Orlando M. Poe appointed her as Regimental Mail Carrier, where she would transport mail from one regiment to another. Person unknown recommended her for secret service. After traveling to Washington D.C. and go throughing all the trials, she became a undercover agent. Her first mission was to perforate the Lines of Yorktown and find the regulation and layout of the Confederate defences. She did this disguised as a black adult male, Ned, and her mission was a successful one. On her 2nd mission, she was disguised as an Irish female pedlar and was a fleeting from the Union Army ; this mission was besides a success. Later, after undertaking malaria, she was afraid she would be discovered as a adult female and applied for leave. Leave was denied, so she deserted in April 1863 by seting on another camouflage and go forthing Lebanon, Kentucky. After she recovered, she went back and helped as a female nurse, where she met Linus Seelye and married him after the war was over.
Loreta Janeta Valazquez wanted to enlist with her hubby, but he told her no. After her hubby had left, she had a unvarying made to mask her as a adult male and she gave herself the name and rank of Lieutenant Harry T. Buford. She so moved to Arkansas to raise a regiment of voluntaries. Once she had the voluntaries, they went to Florida, where she presented them to her hubby. A few yearss after this her hubby was killed, so she headed North once more and joined a regiment right before the First Battle at Bull Run ( Manassas ) and the Battle at Ball ‘s Bluff. Disguised as a adult male she went to Tennessee to contend. On February 11, 1862, she was wounded in the pes, feared being discovered as a adult female. She so went to New Orleans where she was arrested for intuition of being a Union undercover agent. She was cleared of this charge, but fined for portraying a adult male. She so went back to Tennessee and on April 6-7, 1862, while on burial item, at the Battle of Shiloh ; she was hit in the side by an exploding shell. The physician discovered that she was a adult female ; she decided to stop her soldier calling. While retrieving from hurt in the side, she met a friend of hers and her late hubby ‘s, Captain Thomas C. DeCaulp, who professed his love to Loreta. She let her true individuality be known and they were married a few yearss subsequently. Even though she disguised herself as a adult male for many old ages, she was still a adult female and wanted love, merely as adult females today want love.
Women nurses besides made an impact on the American Civil War, which laid a foundation for attention that is given today by nurses. Dorothea Dix was one of these adult females. At age 59 she became the Union ‘s Superintendent of Female Nurses during the Civil War. She started June 1861 and received no wage during the war. She convinced disbelieving military functionaries that adult females could execute their responsibilities tolerably. She wanted to do certain that the adult females that were there came for the right ground, so she merely recruited plain-looking adult females over the age of 30. She besides enforced a frock codification which included modest black or brown skirts and no basketballs or jewellery. There were over three 1000s adult females that served as Union Army Nurses. One of these adult females, Dorothea Dix, was known as “ Dragon Dix ” . Nursing attention under her was markedly improved ; she cared for the public assistance of the nurses under her and the soldiers who were wounded or ill. She tried to take attention of all medical demands and normally would acquire medical supplies through the authorities, but when she needed something that the authorities could non supply, she would travel to private beginnings to acquire supplies. After the war was over, Dorothea Dix returned to work on behalf of the mentally sick.
Clara Harlowe Barton was a lady who organized a alleviation plan during the American Civil War for the soldiers. When the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment arrived in Washington D.C. , the soldiers told her that there was a demand for medical supplies everyplace and in peculiar at the First Battle of Bull Run ( Manassas ) . William A Hammond, the U.S. Surgeon General, granted a general base on balls for her to go with army ambulances. Clara Barton said she was traveling “ for the intent of administering amenitiess for the ill and wounded, and nursing them ” ( Barton. Historical ) . She followed army ambulances for three old ages throughout Virginia and Charleston, South Carolina. She helped with causalities from the Battle of the Wilderness. For all of her lovingness and assist she gained national notice and was made Superintendent of Nurses under Major General Benjamin F. Butler ‘s bid. She besides organized a plan to seek to turn up work forces who were listed as losing in action ( MIA ) . She would interview Federal soldiers coming from Southern Prisons and was frequently able to find the position of some soldiers. She would so advise the soldier ‘s households. After the war, Clara Harlowe Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and eventually did non retire until 1904. Today, the American Red Cross is neighbours assisting neighbours and it does non count if they are across the street or across the state. Clara Barton ‘s demand of assisting others during the Civil War has helped countless people since so.
In November 1862, Phoebe Yates Levy Pember became Matron of Chimborazo Hospital, a Confederate Military Hospital outside Richmond, Virginia. It was said that Chimborazo was the largest military infirmary in the universe. She supervised one hundred and 50 wards with an estimated 15 1000 soldiers under her attention. On December 1, 1862, she became main matron of the 2nd division at Chimborazo. Phoebe encountered tonss of resistance and unfavorable judgment. Her response to this was, “ In the thick of enduring and decease, trusting with those about beyond hope in the universe: praying by the bedside of the alone and bosom stricken, shuting the eyes for the male childs barely old plenty to recognize adult male ‘s sorrows, much less suffer adult male ‘s ferocious hatred, a adult females must surge beyond the conventional modestness considered right under different fortunes ” ( Pember 32 ) . Dr. James McCaw studied the infirmaries regulations and put up a full staff under her. Her staff included an Assistant Matron, cooks, bakers and two labourers, to execute humble undertakings. She was a theoretical account for future nursing attention by making what was needed for her patients, even though it was non a requirement at that clip for nurses to make these things. Tennille Creekmore, injury nurse at The University of Tennessee, said the undermentioned “ We are trauma nurses and we are a particular strain. We get patients at their most vulnerable worst point and we give them our all. We make usage of our appraisals, huffy accomplishments, immense cognition base and our bosom and psyche to salvage patients. Sometimes we are successful and it feels like thaumaturgies but when we are non it hurts down to our psyche and imprints it everlastingly. I take my function as a nurse that serious and personal. It ‘s what I do. I do n’t halt being a nurse when I clock out ; I am ever ready and available for whoever needs me. Bing a nurse is who I am. We are more than nurses for our patients, we are mother, pedagogue, baby-sitter, household healer, therapist, head reader, pluging bag and a medical lexicon, that shows compassion and love to all our patients. ” Some of the occupations that Phoebe did were doing certain sawboness orders were performed decently, medical and dietetic demands were met, composing letters for soldiers, comforted the death and puting a form of compassionate attention for the terminally ailment that has been one of the guidelines for nursing attention today. The infirmary was ever running short of medical supplies, sawboness and helpers and infirmary beds. Phoebe tried to assist relieve these jobs by set uping stopgap beds, continually rinsing and dressing lesions and fixing the more hard instances for the sawboness. She remained Matron at Chimborazo until the Confederate resignation in April 1865. From the clip the war ended until the authorities took over there were an estimated seventy-six thousand Union and Confederate soldiers cared for at Chimborazo. Phoebe left when the authorities took over the infirmary.
Many things are known about the conflicts, arms and soldiers from the American Civil War, but adult females played a big function that is frequently forgotten compared to the work forces ‘s functions. Womans were cunning, originative and brave for their portion in the American Civil War. The assortment of functions adult females played in the American Civil War from Soldiers to undercover agents to nurses proved meaningful at many different degrees and helped set up the high criterion of today ‘s nurses.