United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a Utopian position of what all citizens of all provinces should bask, nevertheless no state has all 30 in consequence in their land today although some states citizens has more rights than others. Choosing 3 of the most dramatic articles out of the 30 creates an interesting quandary in which 3 articles are the most dramatic. This paper will turn to Articles 3, Article 10 and Article 18 – Everyone has the right to freedom of idea, scruples and faith ; this right includes freedom to alter his faith or belief, and freedom, either entirely or in community with others and in public or private, to attest his faith or belief in instruction, pattern, worship and observation.
On December 10, 1948 in Paris at the Palais de Chaillot, France the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which “ reaffirmed religion in cardinal human rights, and self-respect and worth of the human individual ” and committed all member states to continue “ cosmopolitan regard for, and observation of, human rights and cardinal freedoms for all without differentiation as to race, sex, linguistic communication or faith ” ( The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ) .
There had been several major events that led up to this cosmopolitan declaration but this was the first clip in history that a cosmopolitan list of human rights was to put a criterion of accomplishments for all people and states. Among these were: The Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants which set Forth in the Peasant War in the Black Forest country in the southwesterly portion of Germany and set Forth in March of 1525. Next was in England in December of 1689 “ An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Sequence of the Crown ” ( shortened to the “ English Bill of Rights ” ) which was to restrict the Royal Family ‘s power over the citizens of the Empire ( itwillpass.com ) . The last major event was the Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies in 1776.
“ Everyone has the right to life, autonomy and security of individual. This fundamentally means that everyone has the right to populate and the right to safety and freedom. ” This is kindred to the Declaration of Independence of the United States which states “ that all work forces are created equal, that they are endowed by their Godhead with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the chase of Happiness ” ( The consentaneous Declaration of the 13 United States of America ) .
“ Everyone is entitled in full equality to a just and public hearing by an independent and impartial court, in the finding of his rights and duties and of any condemnable charge against him. ” This is guaranteed in the United States by the Bill of Rights Amendment VI which states “ In all condemnable prosecutions, the accused shall bask the right to a speedy and public test, by an impartial jury of the State and territory wherein the offense shall hold been committed, which territory shall hold been antecedently ascertained by jurisprudence, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusal ; to be confronted with the informants against him ; to hold mandatory procedure for obtaining informants in his favour, and to hold the Assistance of Counsel for his defense mechanism. ”
“ Everyone has the right to freedom of idea, scruples and faith ; this right includes freedom to alter his faith or belief, and freedom, either entirely or in community with others and in public or private, to attest his faith or belief in instruction, pattern, worship and observation. ” This lines up with Amendment I of the United States Constitution which states “ Congress shall do no jurisprudence esteeming the constitution of faith, or forbiding the free exercising thereof ; or foreshortening the freedom of address, or of the imperativeness ; or the right of the people pacifically to piece, and to petition the Government for a damages of grudges. ”
Though no state has adopted or warrants their citizens all 30 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the citizens of the United States enjoys the most of these positions. This list is merely an Utopian position of what the universe should be like be, but at this clip the bulk of citizens do non hold the bulk of freedoms listed in these declarations.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948, December 10 ) . Retrieved from United Nations web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
- Roy, R. ( n.d. ) . 1689: The English Bill of Rights. In It Will Pass. Retrieved December 12, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.itwillpass.com/law_1689_english_bill_of_rights.shtml
- Document. ( 1999-2009 ) . the Declaration of Independence: The Privations, Wills, and Hopes of the People. Retrieved December 14, 2009, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/index.htm
- Bill of Rights. ( n.d. ) . The National Archives. Retrieved December 14, 2009, from The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/bill_of_rights_transcript.html