Deception Is An Important Theme English Literature Essay

Sometimes misrepresentation can be unintended when the characters do n’t intend to lie, as in the drama by Anton Chekhov, nevertheless in Henrik Ibsen ‘s drama, the cheat lies deliberately to protect the one she loves. The initial act of misrepresentation is shown when Nora deceives her hubby and borrows money from Krogstad to salvage Torvald ‘s life. She so continues lying to him meaning to refund back the loan. Nora thinks it her responsibility to lie in order to protect her hubby nevertheless this makes her vulnerable as a heroine to Krogstad who now blackmails her. This is an illustration of a dramatic sarcasm since the readers and most of the characters except for Torvald, know what Nora has truly done.

Unlike her, Ranevsky, the chief heroine of the ‘Cherry Orchard ‘ does n’t deceive others but herself. Self- misrepresentation is a procedure of denying logical statements and clear grounds. Here the subjects of altering times and inability to accept alteration are explored.

Madame Ranevsky wants to seek safety in her childhood yesteryear from the desperation of her present life, to retrieve the past and bury the present by declining to confront the world.

After passing five old ages abroad, she comes back to her “ beloved place ” . However she starts shouting at the sight of “ [ Her ] baby’s room, [ her ] beloved, beautiful baby’s room! ” she feels like a “ small miss ” . The baby’s room is a misnomer and it introduces a really nostalgic ambiance, which brings up awful memories of the decease of Madame ‘s boy, which she can non manage. She left Russia for Paris, to bury the memories of her hubby ‘s and boy ‘s deceases in the first topographic point.

When the clip comes to auction the cherry grove, Madam Ranevsky does non desire to understand the earnestness of the state of affairs. She does non believe that she can lose the grove because of the luxury she used to populate in, leting herself everything and now she can non and does non desire to accept the fact that she has to alter that. The heroine realizes that she has lead a incorrect life style, she sinned and overspent, nevertheless she does non make anything to alter that. She believes that everything will decide itself.

In a similar manner, Nora believes that her act of misrepresentation was done for the ‘greater good ‘ , since she was motivated by her hubby ‘s unwellness and had to salvage him and so she does non seek to avoid any more prevarications and disproofs. As a affair of fact, she keeps lead oning Torvald, on little things such as eating macaroons and tippytoing to listen at his door, because she feels the demand to hide the truth from her hubby to salvage their matrimony and this is the chief beginning of the secret plan motion.

Torvald in return deceives Nora by doing her believe he loves her, he even says “ Do you cognize Nora, frequently I wish some awful danger would endanger you, so that I could offer my life and my blood, everything for your interest. ” In world he prioritizes his repute before her and merely see her as his belongings. He merely fantasizes about how perfect their life is, which is another illustration of self-deceit.

It ‘s clear that their full relationship is built upon prevarications and misrepresentation. Nora encourages her kids to lie to Torvald when she says “ Do n’t speak to anyone about the unusual gentleman. You hear? Not even to Daddy ” . By making that she sacrifices her kids ‘s artlessness.

Like Torvald, Madam Ranevsky tends to ‘build a fencing ‘ around herself by disregarding her emotions to make a happy universe for herself. When she comes back place, she is ungratified, she says “ I ca n’t sit still! I ca n’t make it! [ Jumping up and walking approximately in great agitation. ] This felicity is more than I can bear. Laugh at me! I am a sap! My darling old closet! [ Caressing a tabular array. ] My beloved small tabular array! “ . This makes her character pathetic and from her snoging the bookcases and her reaction over her familiarities ‘ deceases, we understand that she can non manage anything existent.

As mentioned before, France was a topographic point of safety for Madame Ranevsky when she needed to get away and now that one of the most hard phases of her life is over she does non look to appreciate Paris. Once she is back to Russia she tries to bury her life at that place because her lover cheated on her and she is broke. Although subsequently on she escapes from Paris to Russia. When she receives two wire from there she instantly tears them up without reading, and says “ They are from Paris. I ‘ve done with Paris ” . However when she comes back to Russia, we see that she still has n’t forgotten her yesteryear in Paris, her unfaithful lover and the decease of her kid. Subsequently on in the drama, when she talks to Gayef she all of a sudden exclaims “ Look! There ‘s mama walking in the orchardaˆ¦ in a white frock. There she is! “ One of the things about Madame Ranevsky hallucinating shows how staccato she is from world. Besides, the composing and bearing of the hallucination reveal the nature of her disjunction. She seeks safety in her yesteryear, her guiltless childhood, and for her, the grove is a symbol of her past- the fact that she fantasizes her female parent in the grove shows how staccato she is from world, corroborating what she seeks.

In a Doll ‘s House, hope for freedom and independency motivates Nora to maintain on prevarication and lead oning since we ever tend to hunger whatever we ca n’t acquire. However she is n’t the lone character who lies and goes behind the dorsum of her loved 1s. Dr. Rank who is a household friend hides his true feelings for Nora from both Torvald and his married woman. The lone ground Nora really finds out about how he genuinely feels, is when she tries to seek his aid and she manages to see beneath the surface to his ‘heart ‘ .

This is how she finds out that he is in secret in love with her. On the other manus Dr. Rank seems to be really considerate and the lone ground he deceives both his friends is because he tries to be a faithful friend to Torvald. He is seeking truly difficult to be loyal but at the same clip he can non remain off from Nora. Besides he manages to expose Nora ‘s emotional immatureness and involuntariness to go against societal conventions. Therefore we ca n’t be certain of whether his misrepresentation is knowing or non.

Torvald, although it seems like he was the one deceived by both his married woman and his friend, can be considered the one most guilty of the ‘crime ‘ .

Throughout the whole drama, we see how he has deceived Nora into believing that their matrimony is perfect, whilst in world it was merely his phantasy. The most of import thing for him was to be able to maintain up a proper visual aspect of moderateness and rightness because the society he was brought up in is really judgmental and damaging.

Like Ibsen, Chekhov presents a character who is besides really concerned with expressions and visual aspects. Lopakhin, an ex-peasant who is now a affluent neighbour negotiations to the maid-servant, Dunyasha. Although he revels in his ain economic state of affairs, at the same clip, he chides Dunyasha, by stating “ You are excessively refined, Dunyasha, that ‘s what it is. You dress yourself like a immature lady, and look at your hair! You ought non to make it, you ought to retrieve your topographic point. ” He says that she is still of a low societal standing. He is call on the carpeting her and stating her non to move like a lady, reminding her she is merely the amah.

This scene causes tenseness since there is this duality as he is non rather comfy with the new alterations since he himself came from a provincial background. He about contradicts what he is stating, which is another evident illustration of self-deceit.

In decision, we see that misrepresentation is an of import subject since it ‘s the chief cause for characters to lose sense of world and it ‘s besides a accelerator of the flood tide. In the terminal of ‘A Doll ‘s House ‘ , Nora eventually becomes more cognizant of how unsighted she was and walks out on her household to seek freedom and independency. Torvald on the other manus even at the terminal of the drama, is still devoted to a mirage, an image of something that was ne’er truly at that place. At the terminal of ‘The Cherry Orchard ‘ , Madame Ranevsky loses all her ownerships together with the grove and goes back to Paris, go forthing behind everything that she thought she believed in. From this we learn, that misrepresentation is frequently triggered by the credence or disapproval of other people in society, since we tend to care excessively much about what everybody else thinks and therefore seek to intermix in.